arak

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: árak and arák

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic عَرَق (ʕaraq, sweat), a reference to the condensate in the distillation process. Doublet of ara, raki, and rakija.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /əˈɹæk/, /ˈɛɹ.ɪk/

Noun[edit]

arak (usually uncountable, plural araks)

  1. A clear, unsweetened aniseed-flavoured alcoholic drink, produced and consumed primarily in the Levant.
    • 2005 January 25, “The return of arak”, in The New York Times[1], →ISSN:
      A rite of the grape harvest in the Christian villages dotting the Lebanon mountain range [] is the perfectly legal distillation of homemade arak. This smooth, cool, refreshing liquor, tasting of licorice with a soupçon of peppermint, remains the staple drink at Sunday lunch, an eat-till-you-drop extravaganza of small meze dishes.
    • 2015 February 6, Henry Jeffreys, “How to enjoy ouzo, even when you’re not on holiday”, in The Guardian[2], →ISSN:
      In Lebanon they have arak, in Turkey raki, and they even make something similar in Saudi Arabia. This is not so surprising as the Arabs were probably the first people to distil alcohol; alcohol is an Arabic word. “Arak” means “sweat” in Arabic, and describes the distillation process rather than what happens when you drink too much.
  2. Alternative spelling of arrack (an alcoholic drink distilled from coconut palm flowers or sugar cane)
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic أَرَاك (ʔarāk).

Noun[edit]

arak (usually uncountable, plural araks)

  1. A toothbrush tree (Salvadora persica).
    • 1958-1994, Hamilton Gibb & CF Beckingham, in The Travels of Ibn Battutah, Folio Society 2012, p. 51:
      They use perfume freely, paint their eyes with kohl, and are constantly polishing their teeth with twigs of green arak-wood.

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Bikol Central[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Malay arak, from Arabic عَرَق (ʕaraq) (cf. Tagalog alak, Chamorro arak and Ilocano arak).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: a‧rak
  • IPA(key): /ˈʔaɾak/, [ˈʔa.ɾak]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

árak (Basahan spelling ᜀᜍᜃ᜔)

  1. liquor, alcoholic beverage
  2. wine
    Synonym: (slang, dated) agwa de pataranta

See also[edit]

Cebuano[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: a‧rak
  • IPA(key): /ˈʔaɾak/, [ˈʔa.ɾ̪ʌk]

Noun[edit]

arak

  1. Philippine trogon (Harpactes ardens)

Chamorro[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay arak, from Arabic عَرَق (ʕaraq).

Noun[edit]

arak

  1. distilled liquor made from fermented coconut milk

Galo[edit]

Noun[edit]

arak

  1. cliff

Ilocano[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Malay arak, from Arabic عَرَق (ʕaraq).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: á‧rak
  • IPA(key): /ˈʔaɾak/

Noun[edit]

árak

  1. wine; liquor; alcoholic beverage
  2. alcohol
    Synonym: alkohol
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aʀak (to walk single-file).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: a‧rák
  • IPA(key): /ʔaˈɾak/, [ʔɐˈɾak]

Noun[edit]

arák

  1. gathering; congregation; assembly
Derived terms[edit]

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay arak, from Classical Malay ارق (arak), from Arabic عَرَق (ʕaraq).

Noun[edit]

arak (plural arak-arak, first-person possessive arakku, second-person possessive arakmu, third-person possessive araknya)

  1. arrack; an alcoholic beverage usually made from fermenting rice; rice wine
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Malay arak, from Classical Malay ارق (arak), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aʀak (to walk single-file).

A user has added this entry to requests for verification(+)
If it cannot be verified that this term meets our attestation criteria, it will be deleted. Feel free to edit this entry as normal, but do not remove {{rfv}} until the request has been resolved.

Verb[edit]

arak

  1. to (casually) walk or move past
    ...pengantin wanita dan pengantin laki-laki... di arak atau pawai di sekitar kampung.[1](please add an English translation of this usage example)
Conjugation[edit]
Conjugation of arak (meng-, ber-, intransitive)
Root arak
Active Involuntary Passive Imperative Jussive
Active mengarak, berarak terarak diarak arak araklah
Locative mengaraki diaraki araki arakilah
Causative / Applicative1 mengarakkan, berarakkan terarakkan diarakkan arakkan arakkanlah
Causative
Locative
Causative / Applicative1 diperarakkan
1The -kan row is either causative or applicative, with transitive roots it mostly has applicative meaning.
Notes:
Some of these forms do normally not exist or are rarely used in standard Indonesian. Some forms may also change meaning.
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ayu Rizkia (2020) “Adat Melayu Malam Bainai di Kabupaten Indragiri Hulu "Peranap" ["Malam Bainai" Malay Tradition in Kabupaten Indragiri Hulu "Peranap"]”, in Mengabadikan Riau: Buku I: Antologi Esai Kebudayaan [Preserving Riau: Book 1: Cultural Essay Anthology] (in Indonesian), Magelang: Pustaka Rumah Cinta, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

Malay[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic عَرَق (ʕaraq).

Noun[edit]

arak (Jawi spelling ارق, informal 1st possessive arakku, 2nd possessive arakmu, 3rd possessive araknya)

  1. liquor, spirits, alcoholic beverage
    Synonym: minuman keras
  2. beer
    Synonym: bir
  3. rice wine
    Synonym: tuak
Descendants[edit]
  • Indonesian: arak
  • Bikol Central: arak
  • Chamorro: arak
  • Ilocano: arak
  • Limos Kalinga: alak
  • Tagalog: alak

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aʀak (walk single-file; be positioned one behind the other).

Verb[edit]

arak (Jawi spelling ارق)

  1. to walk in procession
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic عَرَق (ʕaraq).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

arak m inan

  1. arak (a clear, unsweetened aniseed-flavoured alcoholic drink, produced and consumed primarily in the Middle East)

Declension[edit]

Usually in the singular.

Derived terms[edit]

adjective

Further reading[edit]

  • arak in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • arak in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

arak m (plural araks)

  1. Alternative form of áraque

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

arak m (Cyrillic spelling арак)

  1. double sheet

Taivoan[edit]

Noun[edit]

arak

  1. son

Tangam[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lak. Cognates include Burmese လက် (lak) and Tibetan ལག (lag).

Noun[edit]

arak

  1. (anatomy) hand, arm

References[edit]

  • Mark W. Post (2017) The Tangam Language: Grammar, Lexicon and Texts, →ISBN

Yogad[edit]

Noun[edit]

arák

  1. (anatomy) throat