di-

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek δίς (dís, twice).

Prefix[edit]

Greek number prefix
2 Previous: mono-
Next: tri-

di-

  1. two, twice, or double
    Synonyms: duo-, bi-
    carbon dioxide
  2. (uncommon) Alternative form of dis-
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ancient Greek διά (diá, through).

Prefix[edit]

di-

  1. A form of dia- before a vowel
    diactinic
    dielectric

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek δίς (dís, twice).

Prefix[edit]

di-

  1. di-

Derived terms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

di-

  1. two

Derived terms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek δίς (dís, twice).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Prefix[edit]

di-

  1. Meaning two, twice, or double.
    dioxide
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

French[edit]

Prefix[edit]

di-

  1. di-

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Ancient Greek δίς (dís, twice).

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

di-

  1. di-

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • di-” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Indonesian[edit]

Prefix[edit]

di-

  1. (third person) Patient focus, used in an OVA sentence.
    dimakanto be eaten

Usage notes[edit]

Frequently but erroneously called "passive voice", always accompanied with oleh and exclusively used with third-person.

Derived terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek δίς (dís, twice).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -i

Prefix[edit]

di-

  1. di-

Derived terms[edit]


Malay[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

di- (Jawi spelling ‎)

  1. (third person) Patient focus, used in an OVA sentence.
    Pintu itu dibuka olehnya.
    That door was opened by him.

Usage notes[edit]

Frequently but erroneously called "passive voice", always accompanied with oleh and exclusively used with third-person.

Derived terms[edit]


Navajo[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Represents multiple homophonous thematic and aspectual prefixes of position I and VI, whose exact meaning and etymology remain mostly speculative.

Prefix[edit]

di- (position I)

  1. fire, near or into it

► Navajo verbs with disjunct prefix di-

di- (position VI)

Young and Morgan (1987) identify 14 or so thematic prefixes, among others:

  1. fire, light
  2. arms and legs
  3. extension, elongated shape
  4. noise, sound, oral, food, sensory
  5. color (see also dini-)
  6. relinquishment, relief
  7. sanctity
  8. Unclassified, often entering in the formation of other prefix compounds

Four modal-aspectual uses are also distinguished:

  1. Forms a number of inceptive verbs, with a (Ø/si) paradigm.
  2. Forms a number of inchoative verbs, with prepounded dah and a transitional (yii/yii) paradigm.
  3. Forms the future mode of all active verbs along with the progressive yi-.
  4. Forms a number of neuter adjectivals.

► Navajo verbs with prefix di-

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably cognate with a prefix of similar shape occurring in other Athabascan languages a reflexive possessive pronoun.

Probably cognate with classifier -d- marking passive and reflexive verbs.

Prefix[edit]

di- (position IV)

  1. Personal prefix used in combination with the prefix of position I à-, marking the reflexive verbs. It always triggers a classifier shift (Ød, łl).
    yishchʼidI'm scratching it
    nishchʼidI'm scratching you
    ádíshchʼidI'm scratching myself
    ánááshchʼidI'm scratching myself again

Northern Sotho[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *jí-. Originally the pronominal and verbal concord, it displaced the older Bantu noun prefix *bì-. The tone was lowered by analogy with other noun prefixes.

Prefix[edit]

di-

  1. Class 8 noun prefix.

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek δίς (dís, twice).

Prefix[edit]

di-

  1. di- (two, twice or double)

Derived terms[edit]


Sotho[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *jí-. Originally the pronominal and verbal concord, it displaced the older Bantu noun prefix *bì-. The tone was lowered by analogy with other noun prefixes.

Prefix[edit]

di-

  1. Class 8 noun prefix.

Spanish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek δίς (dís, twice).

Prefix[edit]

di-

  1. di-
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin dis or Latin di.

Prefix[edit]

di-

  1. dis-
Derived terms[edit]

Tswana[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *jí-. Originally the pronominal and verbal concord, it displaced the older Bantu noun prefix *bì-. The tone was lowered by analogy with other noun prefixes.

Prefix[edit]

di-

  1. Class 8 noun prefix.

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Proto-Celtic *dī- (from, of), from Proto-Indo-European *de.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

di-

  1. intensifying prefix
    di- + ‎goddef → ‎dioddef
    di- + ‎golwch → ‎diolch
  2. without, -less, de-, a-, negative prefix
    di- + ‎enw (name) → ‎dienw (anonymous)
    di- + ‎paid (pause, respite) → ‎di-baid (ceaseless, incessant)
    di- + ‎swydd (home) + ‎-o → ‎diswyddo (dismiss, discharge, sack, make redundant)
    Synonyms: af-, an-, dis-

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
di- ddi- ni- unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “di-”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies