dis-

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English dis-, borrowed from Latin dis-, from Proto-Indo-European *dwís.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

dis-

  1. reversal or removal
    disassociate, disarray, disconnect, disafforest
  2. Used as an intensifier of words with negative valence.
    disembowel, disannul, disgruntled
  3. incorrect
    disadaptation, disalign
  4. to fail (to)
    disagree, disanalogy
  5. not
    discontinue, disaccordant, discoherent, disacknowledge
  6. against
    dissuade, disadvise, disrecommend

Usage notes[edit]

When attached to a verbal root, prefixes often change the first vowel (whether initial or preceded by a consonant/consonant cluster) of that verb. These phonological changes took place in Latin and usually do not apply to words created (as in Modern Latin) from Latin components since Latin became a 'dead' language. Note: the combination of prefix and following vowel did not always yield the same change. (see examples below at con- + -a-) Also, these changes in vowels are not necessarily particular to being prefixed with dis- (i.e. other prefixes sometimes cause the same vowel change- see con-, ex-).

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

NOTE: Words using the prefix dis- do not necessarily use the prefixes given here when translated. See individual words for more accurate translations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • dis- at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • dis-” in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek δυσ- (dus-).

Prefix[edit]

dis-

  1. dys- (bad)
    disfàsiadysphasia

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Latin dis-. Compare the inherited des-.

Prefix[edit]

dis-

  1. Indicates negation.
    dis- + ‎sort (luck) → ‎dissort (misfortune)
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Latin dis-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dɪs/
  • (file)

Prefix[edit]

dis-

  1. dis-

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin dis-, from Proto-Indo-European *dwís.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

dis-

  1. shows separation, dissemination, e.g. semi (sow) > dissemi (disseminate) ; ŝiri (tear) > disŝiri (tear to pieces).

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin dis-. Compare the inherited dé-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

dis-

  1. dis-

Derived terms[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin dis-, from Proto-Indo-European *dwís. See also s-.

Prefix[edit]

dis-

  1. dis-
    dis- + ‎sglonfâ (to inflate) → ‎disglonfâ (to deflate)
    dis- + ‎florî (to bloom) → ‎disflorî (to wither)
  2. as intensifier
    dis- + ‎sfidâ (to challenge) → ‎disfidâ (to compete)
    dis- + ‎scuvierzi (to discover, to uncover) → ‎discuvierzi (to find out, to unveil)

Derived terms[edit]



Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

dis-

  1. Romanization of 𐌳𐌹𐍃-

Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Esperanto dis-, from Latin dis-, from Proto-Indo-European *dwís.

Prefix[edit]

dis-

  1. shows separation or dissemination

Derived terms[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch dis-, from Latin dis-, from Proto-Indo-European *dwís.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [dɪs]
  • Hyphenation: dis

Prefix[edit]

dis-

  1. dis- (reversal, removal; apart)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Irish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

dis-

  1. Alternative form of dios-

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
dis- dhis- ndis-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin dis-, from Proto-Indo-European *dwís. See also s-.

Prefix[edit]

dis-

  1. dis-
    dis- + ‎fare (do) → ‎disfare (undo)
    dis- + ‎organizzare (organize) → ‎disorganizzare (disorganize)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *dwis-, from Proto-Indo-European *dwís. Cognate with Ancient Greek δίς (dís), Sanskrit द्विस् (dvis).

Prefix[edit]

dis-

  1. asunder, apart, in two
    mittōdismiss, disband
    discēdōpart, separate
  2. reversal, removal
    dissimulōdisguise, conceal
  3. utterly, exceedingly
    differtusstuffed full

Usage notes[edit]

  • Before b, d, g, l, m, n, r, sc, sp, st and v, the prefix becomes dī-.
  • Before f, the prefix becomes dif-.
  • Before a consonantal i, the prefix may become dī- or remain as dis-.
  • Before a vowel or h, the prefix becomes dir- in the two verbs diribeō and dirimō, which arose early enough to be subject to rhotacism, but from Classical Latin onwards, dis- is used (see, for example, dishiascō in Cato).

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: des-; dis-
  • English: dis-
  • Esperanto: dis-
  • French: dé-, dés-; dis-
  • Friulian: dis-
  • Gothic: 𐌳𐌹𐍃- (dis-)
  • Italian: dis-, s-

References[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old French des- and its source Latin dis-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

dis-

  1. Forms words denoting reversal or removal; dis-, de-.
    Synonym: de-
  2. Intensifies words with a negative connotation; dis-, de-.
    Synonym: de-

Usage notes[edit]

  • Sometimes used interchangeably with de-; see that entry for more.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin dis-. Compare the inherited des-.

Prefix[edit]

dis-

  1. dis- (indicates separation)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from New Latin dys-, from Ancient Greek δυσ- (dus-, bad, hard).

Alternative forms[edit]

Prefix[edit]

dis-

  1. (medicine) dys- (forms the names of conditions characterised by difficult or inadequate function)
  2. dys- (bad or wrong)

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin dis-. Compare the inherited des-.

Prefix[edit]

dis-

  1. dis-

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

dis-

  1. intensifying prefix
    dis- + ‎taw (quiet, silent) → ‎distaw (silent, noiseless)
    dis- + ‎pwyll (consideration) → ‎disbwyll (discretion, prudence)
  2. negative prefix
    dis- + ‎cloff (lame) → ‎disgloff (sure footed, agile)
    Synonyms: af-, an-, di-

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
dis- ddis- nis- unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.