con-

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the Latin prefix con-, from cum ‎(with).

Prefix[edit]

con-

  1. (non-productive) used with certain words to add a notion similar to those conveyed by with, together, or joint
    congenial, congregation, console, consonant, construct, converge, etc.
  2. (non-productive) used with certain words to intensify their meaning
    confirm
Usage notes[edit]

Con- becomes

col- before l: collaborate;
com- before b, m, and p: combat, commit, compel;
cor- before r: correlation;

It can also appear as co-: coexistence, cosine.

Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Back-formation from conlang, short for "constructed language".

Prefix[edit]

con-

  1. attached to certain words to obtain new, informal, subcultural words in which con- conveys a notion of:
    1. constructed, artificial
    2. hypothetical, fictional
    3. related to conlangs, conworlds, etc.
Derived terms[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

con-

  1. con- (1)



Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From preposition cum ‎(with).

Prefix[edit]

con-

  1. Used in compounds to indicate a being or bringing together of several objects
    coëo, colloquor, convivor, etc.: colligo, compono, condo, etc.
  2. Used in compounds to indicate the completeness, perfecting of any act, and thus gives intensity to the signification of the simple word
    commaculo, commendo, concito, comminuo, concerpo, concido, convello, etc.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Before vowels and h, the prefix becomes co-, or rarely com-. Excluded are i and u when these represent /j/ and /w/.
  • Before b, m and p, the prefix becomes com-.
  • Before l, the prefix becomes col-.
  • Before r, the prefix becomes cor-.

As usual in Latin phonology, the sequences ons and onf are pronounced with nasalised long vowels, and the vowel is often written with a macron, i.e. cōnspīrō and cōnferō.

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  • con- in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers

Spanish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Latin prefix con-, from cum ‎(with).

Prefix[edit]

con-

  1. with

Usage notes[edit]

Before the letters b or p use the form com-. Sometimes the co- form is used instead.

Derived terms[edit]