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- (transitive) To give in trust; to put into charge or keeping; to entrust; to consign; used with to or formerly unto.
- c. 1588–1593, William Shakespeare, “The Lamentable Tragedy of Titus Andronicus”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene iii], page 52, column 1:
- Bid him farwell, commit him to the Graue,
- 1748, [David Hume], “Essay XII. Of the Academical or Sceptical Philosophy.”, in Philosophical Essays Concerning Human Understanding, London: […] A[ndrew] Millar, […], OCLC 642589706, part III, page 256:
- If we take in hand any Volume; of Divinity or School Metaphyſics, for Inſtance; let us aſk, Does it contain any abſtract Reaſonings concerning Quantity or Number? No. Does it contain any experimental Reaſonings concerning Matters of Fact or Exiſtence? No. Commit it then to the Flames: For it can contain nothing but Sophiſtry and Illuſion.
- (transitive) To put in charge of a jailer; to imprison.
- (transitive) To have (a person) enter an establishment, such as a hospital or asylum, as a patient.
- Tony should be committed to a nuthouse!
- (transitive) To do (something bad); to perpetrate, as a crime, sin, or fault.
- to commit murder
- to commit a series of heinous crimes
- (transitive, intransitive) To pledge or bind; to compromise, expose, or endanger by some decisive act or preliminary step. (Traditionally used only reflexively but now also without oneself etc.)
- to commit oneself to a certain action
- to commit to a relationship
- 8 March, 1769, Junius, letter to the Duke of Grafton
- You might have satisfied every duty of political friendship, without committing the honour of your sovereign.
- 1803, John Marshall, The Life of George Washington:
- Any sudden assent to the proposal […] might possibly be considered as committing the faith of the United States.
- 2005 July 31, Teri Karush Rogers, quoting Julie Friedman, “Fear of Committing?”, in The New York Times, ISSN 0362-4331:
- […] the perennial bachelor and “the single woman who has never married, who is afraid to commit to an apartment, because she's afraid if she somehow commits to a studio or one-bedroom then she's never going to get married,” said Julie Friedman, a senior associate broker at Bellmarc Realty.
- (transitive, computing, databases) To make a set of changes permanent.
- (intransitive, obsolete) To enter into a contest; to match; often followed by with.
- 1677, Richard Gilpin, “part II, chapter VII”, in Dæmonologia Sacra, London: J. D., page 313:
- […] and from hence ( as when Fire and Water are committed together ) ariſeth a most troubleſome conflict.
- 1877 [4 March 1804], quoting Lord Castlereagh, “part II, chapter VII”, in Sidney James Owen, editor, Selection from the Despatches, Treaties, and Other Papers of the Marquess Wellesley […] , Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 263:
- […] whilst it commits us in hostility with the three greatest military powers of the empire.
- (transitive, obsolete, Latinism) To confound.
- 1673, John Milton, “Sonnet XIII. To Mr. H. Lawes, on his Aires.”, in Poems, &c. upon Several Occasions, London: […] Tho[mas] Dring […], OCLC 1050806759, page 57:
- Harry whoſe tuneful and well meaſur'd Song
Firſt taught our Engliſh Muſick how to ſpan
Words with juſt note and accent, not to ſcan
With Midas Ears, committing ſhort and long;
- (obsolete, intransitive) To commit an offence; especially, to fornicate.
- c. 1603–1606, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of King Lear”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene iv], pages 297–298, column 2:
- […] keepe thy words Iusſtice, ſweare not, commit not, with mans ſworne Spouſe;
- (obsolete, intransitive) To be committed or perpetrated; to take place; to occur.
- 1749, Henry Fielding, chapter VIII, in The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, volume II, London: A[ndrew] Millar […], OCLC 928184292, book IV, page 51:
- As a vaſt Herd of Cows in a rich Farmer's Yard, if, while they are milked, they hear their Calves at a Diſtance, lamenting the Robbery which is then committing, roar and bellow: So roared forth the Somerſetſhire Mob an Hallaloo, made up of almoſt as many Squawls, Screams, and other different Sounds, as there were Perſons, or indeed Paſſions, among them: […]
- → German: committen
to entrust; to consign
to have someone enter an institution as a patient
to do (something bad); to perpetrate — See also translations at perpetrate
to join a contest
to pledge or bind; to compromise, expose, or endanger
computing: to make changes permanent
commit (plural commits)
- (computing, databases) The act of committing (e.g. a database transaction, or source code into a source control repository), making it a permanent change; such a change.
- 1988, Klaus R Dittrich, Advances in Object-Oriented Database Systems: 2nd International Workshop:
- To support locking and process synchronization independently of transaction commits, the server provides semaphore objects […]
- 2009, Jon Loeliger, Version Control with Git:
- Every Git commit represents a single, atomic changeset with respect to the previous state.
- → German: Commit
(computing) act of committing, making a permanent change
- “commit” in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- commit in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.