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See also: commît


Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.


From Latin committere ‎(to bring together, join, compare, commit (a wrong), incur, give in charge, etc.), from com ‎(together) + mittere ‎(to send). See mission.


  • IPA(key): /kəˈmɪt/
  • Rhymes: -ɪt
  • Hyphenation: com‧mit


commit ‎(third-person singular simple present commits, present participle committing, simple past and past participle committed)

  1. To give in trust; to put into charge or keeping; to entrust; to consign; -- used with to, unto.
    • Bible, Psalms xxxvii. 5
      Commit thy way unto the Lord.
    • Shakespeare
      Bid him farewell, commit him to the grave.
  2. To put in charge of a jailor; to imprison.
    • Clarendon
      These two were committed.
  3. To do; to perpetrate, as a crime, sin, or fault.
    • Bible, Exodus xx. 4
      Thou shalt not commit adultery.
  4. To join a contest; to match; followed by with.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dr. H. More to this entry?)
  5. To pledge or bind; to compromise, expose, or endanger by some decisive act or preliminary step; for example to commit oneself to a certain action, to commit oneself to doing something. (Traditionally used only reflexively but now also without oneself etc.)[1]
    • Junius
      You might have satisfied every duty of political friendship, without committing the honour of your sovereign.
    • Marshall
      Any sudden assent to the proposal [] might possibly be considered as committing the faith of the United States.
  6. (obsolete, Latinism) To confound.
    • Milton
      committing short and long [quantities]
  7. (obsolete, intransitive) To commit an offence; especially, to fornicate.
    • 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, II.12:
      the sonne might one day bee found committing with his mother [].
    • Shakespeare
      Commit not with man's sworn spouse.


Usage notes[edit]

To commit, entrust, consign. These words have in common the idea of transferring from one's self to the care and custody of another. Commit is the widest term, and may express only the general idea of delivering into the charge of another; as, to commit a lawsuit to the care of an attorney; or it may have the special sense of entrusting with or without limitations, as to a superior power, or to a careful servant, or of consigning, as to writing or paper, to the flames, or to prison. To entrust denotes the act of committing to the exercise of confidence or trust; as, to entrust a friend with the care of a child, or with a secret. To consign is a more formal act, and regards the thing transferred as placed chiefly or wholly out of one's immediate control; as, to consign a pupil to the charge of his instructor; to consign goods to an agent for sale; to consign a work to the press.

Derived terms[edit]

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commit ‎(plural commits)

  1. (computing) The act of committing (e.g. a database transaction or source code into a source control repository), making it a permanent change.
    • 1988, Klaus R Dittrich, Advances in Object-Oriented Database Systems: 2nd International Workshop
      To support locking and process synchronization independently of transaction commits, the server provides semaphore objects...
    • 2009, Jon Loeliger, Version Control with Git
      Every Git commit represents a single, atomic changeset with respect to the previous state.






  1. third-person singular past historic of commettre