commit

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See also: commît

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin committere (to bring together, join, compare, commit (a wrong), incur, give in charge, etc.), from com- (together) + mittere (to send). See mission.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kəˈmɪt/
  • Rhymes: -ɪt
  • Hyphenation: com‧mit
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

commit (third-person singular simple present commits, present participle committing, simple past and past participle committed)

  1. (transitive) To give in trust; to put into charge or keeping; to entrust; to consign; used with to or formerly unto.
  2. (transitive) To put in charge of a jailer; to imprison.
  3. (transitive) To have (a person) enter an establishment, such as a hospital or asylum, as a patient.
    Tony should be committed to a nuthouse!
  4. (transitive) To do (something bad); to perpetrate, as a crime, sin, or fault.
    to commit murder
    to commit a series of heinous crimes
  5. To join a contest; to match; followed by with.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dr. H. More to this entry?)
  6. (transitive, intransitive) To pledge or bind; to compromise, expose, or endanger by some decisive act or preliminary step. (Traditionally used only reflexively but now also without oneself etc.)[1]
    to commit oneself to a certain action
    to commit to a relationship
    • (Can we date this quote by Junius and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      You might have satisfied every duty of political friendship, without committing the honour of your sovereign.
    • (Can we date this quote by Marshall and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      Any sudden assent to the proposal [] might possibly be considered as committing the faith of the United States.
  7. (transitive, computing) To make a set of changes permanent.
  8. (transitive, obsolete, Latinism) To confound.
    • 1673, John Milton, “Sonnet XIII. To Mr. H. Lawes, on his Aires.”, in Poems, &c. upon Several Occaſions., London: Printed for Tho. Dring [] , OCLC 1050806759, page 57:
      Harry whoſe tuneful and well meaſur'd Song
       Firſt taught our Engliſh Muſick how to ſpan
       Words with juſt note and accent, not to ſcan
       With Midas Ears, committing ſhort and long;
  9. (obsolete, intransitive) To commit an offence; especially, to fornicate.
  10. (obsolete, intransitive) To be committed or perpetrated; to take place; to occur.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, chapter VIII, in The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, volume II, London: A[ndrew] Millar [], OCLC 928184292, book IV, page 51:
      As a vaſt Herd of Cows in a rich Farmer's Yard, if, while they are milked, they hear their Calves at a Diſtance, lamenting the Robbery which is then committing, roar and bellow: So roared forth the Somerſetſhire Mob an Hallaloo, made up of almoſt as many Squawls, Screams, and other different Sounds, as there were Perſons, or indeed Paſſions, among them: []

Usage notes[edit]

To commit, entrust, consign. These words have in common the idea of transferring from oneself to the care and custody of another. Commit is the widest term, and may express only the general idea of delivering into the charge of another; as, to commit a lawsuit to the care of an attorney; or it may have the special sense of entrusting with or without limitations, as to a superior power, or to a careful servant, or of consigning, as to writing or paper, to the flames, or to prison. To entrust denotes the act of committing to the exercise of confidence or trust; as, to entrust a friend with the care of a child, or with a secret. To consign is a more formal act, and regards the thing transferred as placed chiefly or wholly out of one's immediate control; as, to consign a pupil to the charge of his instructor; to consign goods to an agent for sale; to consign a work to the press.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Noun[edit]

commit (plural commits)

  1. (computing) The act of committing (e.g. a database transaction or source code into a source control repository), making it a permanent change.
    • 1988, Klaus R Dittrich, Advances in Object-Oriented Database Systems: 2nd International Workshop:
      To support locking and process synchronization independently of transaction commits, the server provides semaphore objects...
    • 2009, Jon Loeliger, Version Control with Git:
      Every Git commit represents a single, atomic changeset with respect to the previous state.

Translations[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

commit

  1. third-person singular past historic of commettre