- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈmɑːs.tə/
- (Northern England) IPA(key): /ˈmas.tə/, (influenced by RP) /ˈmaːs.tə/
- (General American) enPR: măsʹtər, IPA(key): /ˈmæs.tɚ/
- (Southern American English, AAVE, obsolete) IPA(key): /ˈmɑs.tə/ (see marster)
- (General Australian, New Zealand) IPA(key): /ˈmaːs.tə/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɑːstə(ɹ), -æstə(ɹ)
- Hyphenation: mas‧ter
From Middle English maister, mayster, meister (noun) and maistren (verb), from Old English mǣster, mæġster, mæġester, mæġister, magister (“master”), from Latin magister (“chief, teacher, leader”), from Old Latin magester, from Proto-Indo-European *méǵh₂s, (as in magnus (“great”)) + -ester/-ister (compare minister (“servant”)). Reinforced by Old French maistre, mestre (noun) and maistriier, maister (verb) from the same Latin source. Compare also Saterland Frisian Mäster (“master”), West Frisian master (“master”), Dutch meester (“master”), German Meister (“master”). Doublet of maestro and magister.
- maistre (archaic)
- Marse, marse (obsolete, dialectal, American, Caribbean)
- mas'r (dated, pronunciation spelling, representing southern US black English)
- mastre, maister, mayster (obsolete)
- Massa, massa, massah, massy, masta, Mastah, mastah, mastuh (pronunciation spellings)
- measter (obsolete, British, pronunciation spelling)
- mester, mister (dialectal)
- Someone who has control over something or someone.
- 1671, John Milton, “Samson Agonistes, […]”, in Paradise Regain’d. A Poem. In IV Books. To which is Added, Samson Agonistes, London: […] J. M[acock] for John Starkey […], →OCLC, page 83, lines 415–420:
- Maſters commands come with a power reſiſtleſs / To ſuch as owe them abſolute ſubjection; / And for a life who will not change his purpoſe? / (So mutable are all the ways of men) / Yet this be ſure, in nothing to comply / Scandalous or forbidden in our Law.
- 1712 November 24 (Gregorian calendar), [Joseph Addison; Richard Steele et al.], “THURSDAY, November 13, 1712”, in The Spectator, number 535; republished in Alexander Chalmers, editor, The Spectator; a New Edition, […], volume VI, New York, N.Y.: D[aniel] Appleton & Company, 1853, →OCLC, page 97:
- When I have thus made myself master of a hundred thousand drachmas […] .
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter IV, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., →OCLC, pages 58–59:
- The Celebrity, by arts unknown, induced Mrs. Judge Short and two other ladies to call at Mohair on a certain afternoon when Mr. Cooke was trying a trotter on the track. […] Their example was followed by others at a time when the master of Mohair was superintending in person the docking of some two-year-olds, and equally invisible.
- The owner of an animal or slave.
- (nautical) The captain of a merchant ship; a master mariner.
- (dated) A male head of a household.
- Someone who employs others.
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter IV, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., →OCLC, page 46:
- No matter how early I came down, I would find him on the veranda, smoking cigarettes, or otherwise his man would be there with a message to say that his master would shortly join me if I would kindly wait.
- An expert at something.
- Synonyms: see Thesaurus:skilled person
- Mark Twain was a master of fiction.
- 1843 July, [Thomas Babington Macaulay], “Art. VII—The Life of Joseph Addison. By Lucy Aikin.”, in The Edinburgh Review, number CLVII, page 231:
- But that which chiefly distinguishes Addison from Swift, from Voltaire, from almost all the other great masters of ridicule, is the grace, the nobleness, the moral purity, which we find even in his merriment.
- For more quotations using this term, see Citations:master.
- A tradesman who is qualified to teach apprentices.
- (dated) A male schoolteacher.
- A skilled artist.
- (dated) A man or a boy; mister. See Master.
- 1731 (date written, published 1745), Jonathan Swift, “Directions to Servants”, in Thomas Sheridan and John Nichols, editors, The Works of the Rev. Jonathan Swift, […], new edition, volume XVI, London: […] J[oseph] Johnson, […], published 1801, →OCLC:
- Where there are little Maſters and Miſſes in a Houſe, they are uſually great Impediments to the Diverſions of the Servants;
- A master's degree; a type of postgraduate degree, usually undertaken after a bachelor degree.
- A person holding such a degree.
- He is a master of marine biology.
- The original of a document or of a recording.
- The band couldn't find the master, so they re-recorded their tracks.
- (film) The primary wide shot of a scene, into which the closeups will be edited later.
- (law) A parajudicial officer (such as a referee, an auditor, an examiner, or an assessor) specially appointed to help a court with its proceedings.
- The case was tried by a master, who concluded that the plaintiffs were the equitable owners of the property. […]
- (engineering, computing) A device that is controlling other devices or is an authoritative source.
- (Freemasonry) A person holding an office of authority, especially the presiding officer.
- (by extension) A person holding a similar office in other civic societies.
- Short for .
- 2020, Jane M. Wiggins, Facilities Manager's Desk Reference, page 517:
- The use of masters and submasters will enable suites of rooms to be controlled by one key.
- (BDSM) A male dominant.
- Coordinate term: mistress
- mistress (feminine-specific form)
- ballet master
- barge master
- charge description master
- charge master
- chess master/chessmaster
- dancing master's kit
- dancing master's kit
- drill master/drillmaster
- dungeon master
- game master
- games master/games-master
- golden master
- gold master
- grand master
- Grand Master/grandmaster
- harbor master/harbor-master/harbormaster
- house master/housemaster
- jack of all trades, master of none
- job master
- lord and master
- master baiter
- master bedroom
- master bricklayer
- master builder
- master card
- master cast
- master caution
- master class
- master clock
- master copy
- master cylinder
- master file
- master gland
- master key
- master mariner
- master mason
- master of all one surveys
- Master of Arts
- master of ceremonies
- master of one's time
- Master of Science
- master of the horse
- master of the mint
- master of the obvious
- master of the schools
- master plan/master-plan/masterplan
- master race
- master sergeant
- master signifier
- master status
- master's thesis
- master tradesman
- master trust
- master warning
- metal master
- no one is born a master
- old master
- passed master
- past master
- property master
- prop master
- props master
- puppet master/puppet-master/puppetmaster
- rattlesnake master
- roaming master
- serve two masters
- shipping master
- special master
- taxing master
- thigh master
- vendue master
- wreck master/wreck-master/wreckmaster
- writing master
- mistress (feminine form of "master")
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
master (not comparable)
- a master performance
- Main, principal or predominant.
- Highly skilled.
- master batsman
- 1895, Marshall Mather, Lancashire Idylls, page 39:
- In another minute she lay peaceful and motionless under the anæsthetic — a statue, immobile, yet expressionful, as though carved by some master hand.
- master copy
- (intransitive) To be a master.
- (transitive) To become the master of; to subject to one's will, control, or authority; to conquer; to overpower; to subdue.
- 1898, J. Meade Falkner, chapter 4, in Moonfleet, London, Toronto, Ont.: Jonathan Cape, published 1934:
- Then Elzevir cried out angrily, 'Silence. Are you mad, or has the liquor mastered you? Are you Revenue-men that you dare shout and roister? or contrabandiers with the lugger in the offing, and your life in your hand. You make noise enough to wake folk in Moonfleet from their beds.'
- (transitive) To learn to a high degree of proficiency.
- It took her years to master the art of needlecraft.
- (transitive, obsolete) To own; to possess.
- c. 1596–1598 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act V, scene i], page 183, column 2:
- […] the wealth / That the world maſters.
- (transitive, especially of a musical performance) To make a master copy of.
- (intransitive, usually with in) To earn a Master's degree.
- He mastered in English at the state college.
master (plural masters)
- 'maters, Amster, METARs, Stream, armest, armets, mastre, maters, matres, metras, ramets, ramset, remast, stream, tamers, tremas, trémas
|Inflection of master (Kotus type 6/paperi, no gradation)|
|comitative||See the possessive forms below.|
master m (plural masters)
- “master”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
From Dutch master, from English master, from Middle English maister, mayster, meister, from Old English mǣster, mæġster, mæġester, mæġister, magister (“master”), from Latin magister (“chief, teacher, leader”), from Old Latin magester, from Proto-Indo-European *méǵh₂s, (as in magnus (“great”)) + -ester/-ister (compare minister (“servant”)). Doublet of maestro, magister, and mester.
- “master” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, Jakarta: Language Development and Fostering Agency — Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology of the Republic Indonesia, 2016.
master m or f
- a master's degree
- a master's thesis
- a person that has a master's degree
- original document or recording
- (pre-2012) alternative form of
- “master” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
|Declension of māster (masculine a-stem)|
- Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN, page 28
master m (plural mastere)
- “master”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011