σοφιστής

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From σοφίζω (sophízō, to become wise) +‎ -τής (-tḗs), from σοφός (sophós, wise).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /so.pʰis.tɛ̌ːs/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /so.pʰisˈtes/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /so.ɸisˈtis/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /so.fisˈtis/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /so.fisˈtis/
  • Noun[edit]

    σοφῐστής (sophistḗsm (genitive σοφῐστοῦ); first declension (Attic, Ionic, Koine)

    1. A master of one's craft
    2. One who is wise, prudent, a philosopher
    3. teacher, tutor
    4. (slang, pejorative) One who makes a profit off of false wisdom: cheat, swindler

    Usage notes[edit]

    The reputation of the teachers at Athens came into decline in the fifth century BC, and thus came the connotation of cheat. This varies with time in relation to the general approval or disapproval of the paid teachers.

    Inflection[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Further reading[edit]