уста

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See also: ұста

Bulgarian

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Etymology

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From Proto-Slavic *usta.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [oˈsta]
  • Audio:(file)

Noun

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уста́ (ustáf

  1. (also figurative) mouth
  2. (collective) lips

Declension

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References

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  • уста”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2014
  • уста”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Chitanka, 2010

Carpathian Rusyn

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Etymology

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From Proto-Slavic *usta.

Noun

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уста (usta)

  1. mouth

Further reading

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Macedonian

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *usta.

Noun

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уста (ustaf (plural усти, relational adjective устен, diminutive усте or устичка)

  1. mouth
Declension
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Etymology 2

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Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish [Term?] (Turkish usta), from Persian استاد (ostâd).

Noun

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уста (ustam

  1. (archaic, poetic) master, mason

Old East Slavic

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Etymology

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From Proto-Slavic *usta. Cognates include Old Church Slavonic оуста (usta) and Old Polish usta.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /uˈstɑ//uˈsta//uˈsta/
  • (ca. 9th CE) IPA(key): /uˈstɑ/
  • (ca. 11th CE) IPA(key): /uˈsta/
  • (ca. 13th CE) IPA(key): /uˈsta/
  • Hyphenation: у‧ста

Noun

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уста (ustan (plural only)

  1. mouth
    • 1076, Sviatoslav's izbornik[1], page 2:
      не рече оустꙑ тъчью иꙁгл҃аахъ·
      ne reče usty tŭčĭju izgl:aaxŭ·
      He didn't say: I just pronounced [them] with [my] mouth;

Declension

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Descendants

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  • Old Ruthenian: уста (usta)
  • Russian: уста́ (ustá)

References

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  • Sreznevsky, Izmail I. (1912) “ꙋста”, in Матеріалы для Словаря древне-русскаго языка по письменнымъ памятникамъ [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old East Slavic Language Based on Written Monuments]‎[2] (in Russian), volumes 3 (Р – Ꙗ и дополненія), Saint Petersburg: Department of Russian Language and Literature of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, column 1273

Russian

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *usta, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃éh₁os (mouth). Cognates include Sanskrit आस् (ās, mouth) and Latin ōs (mouth). Compare Polish usta.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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уста́ (ustán inan pl (genitive уст, plural only)

  1. (archaic or poetic) mouth, lips
    Synonyms: (mouth) рот (rot), (lips) гу́бы (gúby)

Declension

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Serbo-Croatian

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *usta.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ǔːsta/
  • Hyphenation: у‧ста

Noun

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у́ста n pl (Latin spelling ústa)

  1. (plural only) mouth

Declension

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Further reading

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  • уста” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Tabasaran

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Etymology

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From Turkic, ultimately from Persian استاد. Compare Azerbaijani usta.

Noun

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уста (usta)

  1. master

Ukrainian

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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уста́ (ustán inan pl (genitive уст, plural only)

  1. Alternative form of вуста́ (vustá)

Declension

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References

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Yakut

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Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

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уста (usta)

  1. (geometry, general) length (spatial)
    сыһыы устатаsıhıı ustatathe length of the field
    суол устатаsuol ustatathe length of the road
  2. length (temporal), duration
    сыл устатаsıl ustatathe length of the year

Derived terms

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