استاد

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See also: إستادand أستاذ

Persian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier اوستاد(ôstâd), from Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (ʾwstʾt'), 𐫀𐫇𐫏𐫘𐫤𐫀𐫅(ʾwystʾd /awestād/, master, craftsman), from Proto-Iranian *Hawastātas (compare Avestan 𐬀𐬎𐬎𐬀𐬯𐬙𐬁𐬙𐬀(auuastāta), Kurdish hoste, oste, wista, wusta, وەستا(westa), Mazanderani استات(estât), استا(estâ), اسا(essâ)), verbal noun of Proto-Iranian *HawastaHyáti (compare Old Persian 𐎠𐎺𐎠𐎿𐎫𐎠𐎹𐎶 (a-v-a-s-t-a-y-m /avāstāyam/), Avestan 𐬀𐬎𐬎𐬀𐬯𐬙𐬀𐬌𐬌𐬀(auuastaiia)), from *Hawa- +‎ *staHyáti, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *staHyáti, from Proto-Indo-European *stoh₂éyeti (to cause to stand).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

استاد (ostâd) (comparative استادتر‎, superlative استادترین‎)

  1. skilled

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian استاد
Iranian Persian استاد
Tajiki Persian устод (ustod)

استاد (ostâd) (plural استادان(ostâdân) or استادها(ostâd-hâ) or اساتید(asâtid))

  1. craftsman
  2. master
  3. expert
  4. tutor
  5. professor
  6. ustad

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]



Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian استاد(ostâd, master), from Middle Persian ʾwstʾt' (awestād, master, craftsman), from Old Persian [Term?].

Noun[edit]

استاد (ustādm (Hindi spelling उस्ताद)

  1. professor
  2. teacher
  3. tutor
  4. expert
  5. master
  6. instructor, mentor, pedagogue, preceptor