From Middle English controllen, from Old French contrerole, from Medieval Latin contrarotulum (“a counter-roll or register used to verify accounts”), from Latin contra (“against, opposite”) + Medieval Latin rotulus, Latin rotula (“roll, a little wheel”), diminutive of rota (“a wheel”).
- (transitive) To exercise influence over; to suggest or dictate the behavior of.
- Synonyms: besteer, bewield, manage, puppeteer, rule
- With a simple remote, he could control the toy truck.
- 2013 May 17, George Monbiot, “Money just makes the rich suffer”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 23, page 19:
- In order to grant the rich these pleasures, the social contract is reconfigured. […] The public realm is privatised, the regulations restraining the ultra–wealthy and the companies they control are abandoned, and Edwardian levels of inequality are almost fetishised.
- (transitive, statistics) (construed with for) To design (an experiment) so that the effects of one or more variables are reduced or eliminated.
- (transitive, archaic) to verify the accuracy of (something or someone, especially a financial account) by comparison with another account
- (transitive, obsolete) to call to account, to take to task, to challenge
- (transitive) to hold in check, to curb, to restrain
- (countable, uncountable) Influence or authority over something.
- The government has complete control over the situation.
- The method and means of governing the performance of any apparatus, machine or system, such as a lever, handle or button.
- Restraint or ability to contain one's movements or emotions, or self-control.
- 2012, John Branch, “Snow Fall : The Avalanche at Tunnel Creek”, in New York Times:
- She had no control of her body as she tumbled downhill. She did not know up from down. It was not unlike being cartwheeled in a relentlessly crashing wave.
- 2013 June 21, Oliver Burkeman, “The tao of tech”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 2, page 27:
- The dirty secret of the internet is that all this distraction and interruption is immensely profitable. Web companies like to boast about […], or offering services that let you […] "share the things you love with the world" and so on. But the real way to build a successful online business is to be better than your rivals at undermining people's control of their own attention.
- A security mechanism, policy, or procedure that can counter system attack, reduce risks, and resolve vulnerabilities; a safeguard or countermeasure.
- (project management) A means of monitoring for, and triggering intervention in, activities that are not going according to plan.
- A control group or control experiment.
- A duplicate book, register, or account, kept to correct or check another account or register.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)
- (graphical user interface) An interface element that a computer user interacts with, such as a window or a text box.
- Synonym: widget
- (climatology) Any of the physical factors determining the climate of a place, such as latitude, distribution of land and water, altitude, exposure, prevailing winds, permanent high- or low-barometric-pressure areas, ocean currents, mountain barriers, soil, and vegetation.
- (linguistics) A construction in which the understood subject of a given predicate is determined by an expression in context. See control.
- (spiritualism, parapsychology) A spirit that takes possession of a psychic or medium and allows other spirits to communicate with the living.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- control in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- control in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911.
- control on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- Control in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)
control m (plural controls)
- “control” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
- “control” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
- “control” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.
control m (plural controles)
- control, or running of a business
- control of a machine
- control or emotional restraint, self-control
- (Latin America) remote control
- (video games, Latin America) controller, gamepad, joypad
- Synonym: mando
- (medicine) checkup