spiritualism

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

spiritual +‎ -ism

In Allan Kardec's 1857 book The Spirits Book (Le Livre des Esprits in original French), in which a distinction between spiritism and spiritualism is defined.

Noun[edit]

spiritualism ‎(countable and uncountable, plural spiritualisms)

  1. A philosophic doctrine, opposing materialism, that claims transcendency of the divine being, the altogether spiritual character of reality and the value of inwardness of consciousness.
    • R. H. Hutton
      What is called spiritualism should, I think, be called a mental species of materialism.
  2. A belief that the dead communicate with the living, especially through a medium. Used in a broader sense than spiritism/Kardecism, in which followers specifically believe in Allan Kardec's Spiritist Codification, a series of 5 books which contain additional moral and other teachings.
  3. The quality or state of being spiritual.

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