communicate

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin commūnicātus, perfect passive participle of commūnicō (share, impart; make common), from commūnis (common).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

communicate (third-person singular simple present communicates, present participle communicating, simple past and past participle communicated)

  1. To impart
    1. (transitive) To impart or transmit (information or knowledge) to someone; to make known, to tell. [from 16th c.]
      It is vital that I communicate this information to you.
    2. (transitive) To impart or transmit (an intangible quantity, substance); to give a share of. [from 16th c.]
      to communicate motion by means of a crank
      • Jeremy Taylor
        Where God is worshipped, there he communicates his blessings and holy influences.
    3. (transitive) To pass on (a disease) to another person, animal etc. [from 17th c.]
      The disease was mainly communicated via rats and other vermin.
  2. To share
    1. (transitive, obsolete) To share (in); to have in common, to partake of. [16th-19th c.]
      We shall now consider those functions of intelligence which man communicates with the higher beasts.
      • Ben Jonson
        thousands that communicate our loss
    2. (intransitive, Christianity) To receive the bread and wine at a celebration of the Eucharist; to take part in Holy Communion. [from 16th c.]
      • 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, Folio Society 2012, p. 148:
        The ‘better sort’ might communicate on a separate day; and in some parishes even the quality of the communion wine varied with the social quality of the recipients.
    3. (transitive, Christianity) To administer the Holy Communion to (someone). [from 16th c.]
      • Jeremy Taylor
        She [the church] [] may communicate him.
    4. (intransitive) To express or convey ideas, either through verbal or nonverbal means; to have intercourse, to exchange information. [from 16th c.]
      Many deaf people communicate with sign language.
      I feel I hardly know him; I just wish he'd communicate with me a little more.
    5. (intransitive) To be connected with (another room, vessel etc.) by means of an opening or channel. [from 16th c.]
      The living room communicates with the back garden by these French windows.

Hyponyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

commūnicāte

  1. first-person plural present active imperative of commūnicō