commune

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Commune

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English commune, comune, from Old French comune, commune, from Medieval Latin commūnia, from Latin commūne (community, state), from commūnis (common). See also community, communion, common.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

commune (countable and uncountable, plural communes)

  1. A small community, often rural, whose members share in the ownership of property, and in the division of labour; the members of such a community.
  2. A local political division in many European countries.
  3. (obsolete) The commonalty; the common people.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Chaucer to this entry?)
  4. (uncountable, obsolete) communion; sympathetic intercourse or conversation between friends
    • (Can we date this quote by Tennyson and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      For days of happy commune dead.
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English communen, comunen, from Old French comunier, communier (to share), from Latin commūnico. Doublet of communicate.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

commune (third-person singular simple present communes, present participle communing, simple past and past participle communed)

  1. To converse together with sympathy and confidence; to interchange sentiments or feelings; to take counsel.
  2. (intransitive, followed by with) To communicate (with) spiritually; to be together (with); to contemplate or absorb.
    He spent a week in the backcountry, communing with nature.
  3. (Christianity, intransitive) To receive the communion.
    • (Can we date this quote by Bishop Gilbert Burnet and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Namely, in these things, in prohibiting that none should commune alone, in making the people whole communers, or in suffering them to commune under both kinds []

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch commune, from Old French commune, from Latin [Term?].

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌkɔˈmynə/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: com‧mu‧ne
  • Rhymes: -ynə

Noun[edit]

commune f (plural communes, diminutive communetje n)

  1. A commune (community living together with common property).

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Medieval Latin communia, neuter plural of communis.

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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commune f (plural communes)

  1. commune (administrative subdivision)
Descendants[edit]
  • Danish: kommune
  • German: Kommune
  • Norwegian Bokmål: kommune
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: kommune
  • Russian: комму́на (kommúna)
  • Swedish: kommun

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

commune

  1. feminine singular of commun

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

commune (masculine and feminine plural communi)

  1. Obsolete form of comune.

Noun[edit]

commune m (plural communi)

  1. Obsolete form of comune.

Derived terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

commūne

  1. nominative neuter singular of commūnis
  2. accusative neuter singular of commūnis
  3. vocative neuter singular of commūnis

References[edit]

  • commune in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • commune in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • commune in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • commune in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) we know from experience: usu rerum (vitae, vitae communis) edocti sumus
    • (ambiguous) unanimously: uno, communi, summo or omnium consensu (Tusc. 1. 15. 35)
    • (ambiguous) the ordinary usage of language, everyday speech: communis sermonis consuetudo
    • (ambiguous) to be always considering what people think: multum communi hominum opinioni tribuere