Gemeinde

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German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German gemeinde, from Old High German gemeinida, probably from Proto-Germanic (though the exact formations vary among and within the later languages), from *gamainiz (shared, communal) or *gamainijaną (to share) + *-iþō. Analysable as gemein (common) +‎ -de. Compare Old High German gimeinî, Hunsrik Gemeind, Luxembourgish Gemeng, Dutch gemeente, Old Saxon gimēntha (gimênða), Middle Low German gemênte, gemêne, Old English ġemǣne, Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌼𐌰𐌹𐌽𐌸𐍃 (gamainþs), 𐌲𐌰𐌼𐌰𐌹𐌽𐌴𐌹 (gamainei).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡəˈmaɪ̯ndə/
  • (file)
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

Gemeinde f (genitive Gemeinde, plural Gemeinden)

  1. municipality
    die zur Gemeinde gehörenden Einzelhöfethe outlying farmsteads that are part of the municipality
  2. parish
    von einer Gemeinde in die nächste versetzt werdento be shifted from one parish to another
  3. church, congregation, assembly
    es kam eine große Furcht über die ganze Gemeindegreat fear came over the whole church
  4. community
    die türkische Gemeinde in Deutschlandthe Turkish community in Germany

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