bread

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English[edit]

Two loaves of bread (1).
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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English bred, breed, from Old English brēad (fragment, bit, morsel, crumb", also "bread), from Proto-Germanic *braudą (cooked food, leavened bread), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerw-, *bʰrew- ("to boil, seethe"; see brew). An alternative etymology derives bread from Proto-Germanic *braudaz, *brauþaz (broken piece, fragment), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰera- (to split, beat, hew, struggle) (see brittle). Perhaps a conflation of the two. Cognate with Scots breid (bread), Saterland Frisian Brad (bread), West Frisian brea (bread), Dutch brood (bread), German Brot (bread), Danish brød (bread), Swedish bröd (bread), Icelandic brauð (bread). Indoeuropean cognates include Albanian brydh (I make crumbly, friable, soft).

Noun[edit]

bread (countable and uncountable, plural breads)

  1. (uncountable) A foodstuff made by baking dough made from cereals.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 8, Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Philander went into the next room [] and came back with a salt mackerel that dripped brine like a rainstorm. Then he put the coffee pot on the stove and rummaged out a loaf of dry bread and some hardtack.
  2. (countable) Any variety of bread.
  3. (slang) Money.
  4. Food; sustenance; support of life, in general.
    • Bible, Matthew vi. 11
      Give us this day our daily bread.
Synonyms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
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Verb[edit]

bread (third-person singular simple present breads, present participle breading, simple past and past participle breaded)

  1. (transitive) to coat with breadcrumbs
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English brede, from Old English brǣdu (breadth, width, extent), from Proto-Germanic *braidį̄ (breadth). Cognate with Scots brede, breid (breadth), Dutch breedte (breadth), German Breite (breadth), Swedish bredd (breadth), Icelandic breidd (breadth).

Noun[edit]

bread (plural breads)

  1. (obsolete or UK dialectal, Scotland) Breadth.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English breden, from Old English brǣdan (to make broad, extend, spread, stretch out; be extended, rise, grow), from Proto-Germanic *braidijaną (to make broad, broaden).

Verb[edit]

bread (third-person singular simple present breads, present participle breading, simple past and past participle breaded)

  1. (transitive, dialectal) To make broad; spread.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ray to this entry?)

Etymology 4[edit]

Variant of braid, from Middle English breden, from Old English brēdan, breġdan.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

bread (third-person singular simple present breads, present participle breading, simple past and past participle breaded)

  1. (transitive) To form in meshes; net.

Noun[edit]

bread (plural breads)

  1. A piece of embroidery; a braid.

Anagrams[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *braudą, whence also Old Frisian brād (West Frisian brea), Old Saxon brōd (German Low German Broot, Brot), Dutch brood, Old High German brōt (German Brot), Old Norse and Icelandic brauð (Swedish bröd).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

brēad n

  1. bit, piece, morsel
  2. bread (foodstuff)

Descendants[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

bread

  1. (Spain) Informal second-person plural (vosotros or vosotras) affirmative imperative form of brear.