хлѣбъ

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Bulgarian[edit]

Noun[edit]

хлѣбъ (hlěbm

  1. (obsolete) Pre-1945 spelling of хляб (hljab).

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *xlěbъ, from Proto-Germanic *hlaibaz, compare Gothic 𐌷𐌻𐌰𐌹𐍆𐍃 (hlaifs).

Noun[edit]

хлѣбъ (xlěbŭm

  1. bread
  2. loaf of bread

Declension[edit]

Old East Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *xlě̀bъ, further probably borrowed from Gothic 𐌷𐌻𐌰𐌹𐍆𐍃 (hlaifs), 𐌷𐌻𐌰𐌹𐌱𐍃 (hlaibs), ultimately from Proto-Germanic *hlaibaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (ca. 9th CE) IPA(key): /ˈxleːbʊ/
  • (ca. 11th CE) IPA(key): /ˈxlʲeːbʊ/
  • (ca. 13th CE) IPA(key): /ˈxlʲɛːb/, /ˈxlʲeːb/
  • Hyphenation: хлѣ‧бъ

Noun[edit]

хлѣбъ (xlěbŭm

  1. bread
  2. grain
  3. food, meal, treat
  4. subsistence
  5. prosphora

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Old Ruthenian: хлѣбъ (xlěb), клѣбъ (klěb)
    • Belarusian: хлеб (xljeb)
    • Carpathian Rusyn: хлїб (xljib)
    • Ukrainian: хліб (xlib)
  • Russian: хлеб (xleb) (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  • Sreznevsky, Izmail I. (1912), “хлѣбъ”, in Матеріалы для Словаря древне-русскаго языка по письменнымъ памятникамъ [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old East Slavic Language Based on Written Monuments]‎[1] (in Russian), volume 3 (Р – Ꙗ и дополненія), Saint Petersburg: Department of Russian Language and Literature of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, column 1371

Old Ruthenian[edit]

хлѣбъ

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic хлѣбъ (xlěbŭ), from Proto-Slavic *xlě̀bъ, probably borrowed from Gothic 𐌷𐌻𐌰𐌹𐍆𐍃 (hlaifs), 𐌷𐌻𐌰𐌹𐌱𐍃 (hlaibs), from Proto-Germanic *hlaibaz. Cognate with Russian хлеб (xleb).

Noun[edit]

хлѣбъ (xlěbm inan (related adjective хлѣ́бный)

  1. bread
  2. loaf of bread
    Synonym: палени́ца (paleníca)
  3. food, meal
  4. grain

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Hrynchyshyn, D. H., editor (1978), “хлєбъ”, in Словник староукраїнської мови XIV–XV ст. [Dictionary of the Old Ukrainian Language of the 14ᵗʰ–15ᵗʰ cc.] (in Ukrainian), volume 2 (Н – Ѳ), Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, page 507
  • Bulyka, A. M., editor (2016), “хлебъ”, in Гістарычны слоўнік беларускай мовы [Historical Dictionary of the Belarusian Language] (in Belarusian), issue 36 (фолкга – чорно), Minsk: Belaruskaia navuka, →ISBN, page 82

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

хлѣбъ (xlěbm inan (genitive хлѣ́ба, nominative plural хлѣ́бы, genitive plural хлѣ́бовъ)

  1. Pre-1918 spelling of хлеб (xleb, bread, loaf).

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

хлѣбъ (xlěbm inan (genitive хлѣ́ба, nominative plural хлѣба́, genitive plural хлѣбо́въ)

  1. Pre-1918 spelling of хлеб (xleb, grain).

Declension[edit]