Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
- 1 English
- 2 French
- 3 Old French
- (uncountable) The harvested seeds of various grass food crops eg: wheat, corn, barley.
- We stored a thousand tons of grain for the winter.
- (uncountable) Similar seeds from any food crop, eg buckwheat, amaranth, quinoa.
- (countable) A single seed of grain.
- a grain of wheat
- (countable, uncountable) The crops from which grain is harvested.
- The fields were planted with grain.
- (uncountable) A linear texture of a material or surface.
- Cut along the grain of the wood.
- (countable) A single particle of a substance.
- a grain of sand
- a grain of salt
- (countable) A very small unit of weight, in England equal to 1/480 of an ounce troy, 0.0648 grams or, to be more exact, 64.79891 milligrams (0.002285714 avoirdupois ounce). A carat grain or pearl grain is 1/4 carat or 50 milligrams. The old French grain was 1/9216 livre or 53.11 milligrams, and in the mesures usuelles permitted from 1812 to 1839, with the livre redefined as 500 grams, it was 54.25 milligrams.
- (countable) A former unit of gold purity, also known as carat grain, equal to 1⁄4 "carat" (karat).
- (materials) A region within a material having a single crystal structure or direction.
- A reddish dye made from the coccus insect, or kermes; hence, a red color of any tint or hue, as crimson, scarlet, etc.; sometimes used by the poets as equivalent to Tyrian purple.
- all in a robe of darkest grain
- Quoted by Coleridge, preface to Aids to Reflection
- […] doing as the dyers do, who, having first dipped their silks in colours of less value, then give them the last tincture of crimson in grain.
- The hair side of a piece of leather, or the marking on that side.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
- (in the plural) The remains of grain, etc., after brewing or distillation; hence, any residuum. Also called draff.
- (botany) A rounded prominence on the back of a sepal, as in the common dock.
- Temper; natural disposition; inclination.
- brothers […] not united in grain
single seed of grain
the crops from which grain is harvested
linear texture of material or surface
single particle of a substance
unit of weight
materials: region within a material having a single crystal structure or direction
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked
- To feed grain to.
- (transitive) To make granular; to form into grains.
- (intransitive) To form grains, or to assume a granular form, as the result of crystallization; to granulate.
- To texture a surface in imitation of the grain of a substance such as wood.
- (tanning) To remove the hair or fat from a skin.
- (tanning) To soften leather.
- To yield fruit.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Gower to this entry?)
to imitate the grain of wood
tanning: to soften leather
See groin (“part of the body”).
grain (plural grains)
- A branch of a tree; a stalk or stem of a plant.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of G. Douglas to this entry?)
- A tine, prong, or fork.
- One of the branches of a valley or river.
- An iron fish spear or harpoon, with a number of points half-barbed inwardly.
- 1770: Served 5 lb of fish per man which was caught by striking with grains — journal of Stephen Forwood (gunner on H.M. Bark Endeavour), 4 May 1770, quoted by Parkin (page 195).
- A blade of a sword, knife, etc.
- (founding) A thin piece of metal, used in a mould to steady a core.
- grain in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
- grain in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
grain m (plural grains)
grain m (plural grains)
- “grain” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
- grain (edible part of a cereal plant)