nerf

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Circa 1950s? (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

nerf (third-person singular simple present nerfs, present participle nerfing, simple past and past participle nerfed)

  1. (motor racing, transitive) To bump lightly, whether accidentally or purposefully.
    A racer will often nerf another as a psychological tactic.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the Nerf brand of toys designed as non-dangerous counterparts of existing things, such as sports balls and guns.

Verb[edit]

nerf (third-person singular simple present nerfs, present participle nerfing, simple past and past participle nerfed)

  1. (transitive, slang, video games) To cripple or weaken an element of a video game during its development (such as a character, a weapon, a spell, etc.).
    Synonym: gimp
    The lightning spell was originally pretty powerful, but in the sequel they nerfed it so it became completely useless.
  2. (transitive, slang) To arbitrarily limit or reduce the capability of.
    • 2019 May 17, Fred Lambert, Electrek[1], retrieved 2019-05-19:
      Tesla nerfs Autopilot in Europe due to new regulations

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

nerf (plural nerfs)

  1. (slang, video games) The deterioration, weakening or worsening of a character, a weapon, a spell, etc.

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From earlier nerve, from Middle Dutch *narwe, either inherited from Old Dutch *narwa or borrowed from Middle Low German narwe, eventually from Proto-Germanic *narwō, from earlier *arwaz (scar).[1]

For the change of -rwe → -rf, compare verf. Cognate with German Narbe (scar).

Noun[edit]

nerf f (plural nerven, diminutive nerfje n)

  1. grain of wood
  2. (dated) a similar line in leather, paper, etc.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin nervus. The botanic sense belongs historically to this word, but is semantically close to etymology 1 and hence not necessarily felt as a distinct word.

Noun[edit]

nerf f (plural nerven, diminutive nerfje n)

  1. (obsolete) nerve
    Synonym: zenuw
  2. (botany) vein of a leaf
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “arwiz-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 37-38

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French nerf, from Old French nerf, inherited from Latin nervus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nerf m (plural nerfs)

  1. (anatomy) nerve
  2. (figurative) force, power, strength
    Les nerfs, les garçons! On n'est pas sur un bateau de plaisance.Put some muscle into it, boys! We are not on a pleasure boat!

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French nerf.

Noun[edit]

nerf m (plural nerfz)

  1. nerve

Descendants[edit]

  • French: nerf

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin nervus.

Noun[edit]

nerf m (oblique plural ners, nominative singular ners, nominative plural nerf)

  1. nerve
    • 1377, Bernard de Gordon, Fleur de lis de medecine (a.k.a. lilium medicine), page 185 of this essay:
      Donc lepre est maladie de chair et non pas du cueur, ne des os, de des nerfs etc.
      Therefore leprosy is a disease of the flesh and not of the heart, nor of the bones, nor of the nerves, etc.

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Medieval Latin nervus (nerve), from Latin nervus (sinew).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nerf f (plural nerfau, not mutable)

  1. nerve

Derived terms[edit]