Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search


Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la


By metathesis of Old Latin *neuros, a thematicization of Proto-Indo-European *snḗh₁wr̥ (sinew, tendon). Cognates include Ancient Greek νεῦρον (neûron, tendon, string, nerve), Old English seonu (tendon, nerve, sinew).



nervus m (genitive nervī); second declension

  1. (anatomy) A sinew, tendon, nerve, muscle.
  2. A cord, string or wire; string of a musical instrument; bow, bowstring; cords or wires by which a puppet is moved.
  3. The leather with which shields were covered.
  4. A thong with which a person was bound; fetter; prison.
  5. (of plants) A fiber or fibre.
  6. (figuratively) Vigor, force, power, strength, energy, nerve.


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative nervus nervī
genitive nervī nervōrum
dative nervō nervīs
accusative nervum nervōs
ablative nervō nervīs
vocative nerve nervī


  • (force, power): vīs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • nervus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • nervus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “nervus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • nervus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to strain every nerve, do one's utmost in a matter: omnes nervos in aliqua re contendere
    • to strain every nerve, do one's utmost in a matter: omnibus viribusor nervis contendere, ut
    • instrumental music: nervorum et tibiarum cantus
    • vocal and instrumental music: vocum et fidium (nervorum) cantus
    • to strike the strings of the lyre: pellere nervos in fidibus
  • nervus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • nervus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Old French[edit]


Latin nervōsus.


nervus m (oblique and nominative feminine singular nervuse)

  1. sinew; tendon (attributively)