nervus

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Latin[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

By metathesis of pre-Latin *neuros, a thematicization of Proto-Indo-European *snḗh₁wr̥ (sinew, tendon). Cognates include Ancient Greek νεῦρον (neûron, tendon, string, nerve), Old English seonu (tendon, nerve, sinew).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nervus m (genitive nervī); second declension

  1. A sinew, tendon, nerve, muscle.
  2. A cord, string or wire; string of a musical instrument; bow, bowstring; cords or wires by which a puppet is moved.
  3. The leather with which shields were covered.
  4. A thong with which a person was bound; fetter; prison.
  5. (of plants) A fiber or fibre.
  6. (figuratively) Vigor, force, power, strength, energy, nerve.

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative nervus nervī
genitive nervī nervōrum
dative nervō nervīs
accusative nervum nervōs
ablative nervō nervīs
vocative nerve nervī

Synonyms[edit]

  • (force, power): vīs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • nervus in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin nervōsus.

Adjective[edit]

nervus

  1. sinew; tendon (attributively)