English [ edit ]
Pronunciation [ edit ]
Etymology 1 [ edit ]
Middle English , from shelde Old English scield ( “ shield ” ), from Proto-Germanic *skelduz ( “ shield ” ), from Proto-Indo-European , *(s)keit- , *(s)keid- *kheit- ( “ shield, cover ” ). Cognate with West Frisian , skyld Dutch schild ( “ shield ” ), German Schild ( “ shield ” ), Danish skjold ( “ shield ” ), Icelandic skjöldur ( “ shield ” ), Latin scūtum ( “ shield ” ), Irish sciath ( “ shield ” ), Latgalian škīda ( “ shield ” ), Lithuanian skydas ( “ shield ” ), Russian щит ( ščit, “ shield ” ).
shield ( plural ) shields
protects or defends; defense; shelter; protection.
A broad piece of defensive
armor, carried on the arm, formerly in general use in war, for the protection of the body.
1592, William Shakespeare, , Act 4, Scene 3, line 56: Richard III
Go muster men. My counsel is my shield; We must be brief when traitors brave the field.
1599, William Shakespeare, , Act III, Scene II, line 8: Henry V
Knock go and come; God's vassals drop and die; And sword and shield, In bloody field, Doth win immortal fame.
1786, Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 22:
The shields used by our Norman ancestors were the triangular or heater shield, the target or buckler, the roundel or rondache, and the pavais, pavache, or tallevas.
1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in : The Celebrity
My client welcomed the judge […] and they disappeared together into the Ethiopian card-room, which was filled with the assegais and exclamation point shields Mr. Cooke had had made at the sawmill at Beaverton.
( figuratively ) One who protects or defends.
1611, The Holy Bible, King James Version edition, Genesis 15:1:
Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceeding great reward.
( lichenology ) In lichens, a hardened cup or disk surrounded by a rim and containing the fructification, or asci.
( mining ) A framework used to protect workmen in making an adit under ground, and capable of being pushed along as excavation progresses.
( science fiction ) A field of energy that protects or defends. Something shaped like a shield, usually an inverted triangle with slightly curved lower sides.
( heraldry ) The escutcheon or field on which are placed the bearings in coats of arms.
( Scotland , euphemistic , obsolete ) A toilet seat. A
spot resembling, or having the form of a shield.
( obsolete ) A coin, the old French crown, or écu, having on one side the figure of a shield.
( transport ) A sign or symbol, usually containing numbers and sometimes letters, identifying a highway route.
( colloquial , law enforcement ) A police badge.
( geology ) A large expanse of exposed stable Precambrian rock.
( geology ) A wide and relatively low-profiled volcano, usually composed entirely of lava flows.
( figuratively , Scotland , euphemistic , obsolete ) A place with a toilet seat: an outhouse; a lavatory.
Derived terms [ edit ]
Synonyms [ edit ]
Hyponyms [ edit ]
Anything that protects or defends
Translations [ edit ]
anything that protects or defends
scudo (it) , m protezione (it) , f rifugio (it) , m riparo (it) , m copertura (it) f Korean:
보호물 ( bohomul ), 보호자 (ko) ( bohoja ) Latvian:
, aizsargs , ekrāns aizsegs Lithuanian:
apsauga (lt) Macedonian:
штит m ( štit ) Norwegian:
, skjold skjerm , m vern Polish:
osłona (pl) Portuguese:
escudo (pt) m Romanian:
pavăză (ro) Russian:
защи́та (ru) f ( zaščíta ) Serbo-Croatian:
štit (sh) m Slovak:
, štít kryt Slovene:
escudo (es) m Swedish:
sköld , (sv) skyddsplåt Turkish:
kalkan (tr) Welsh:
figuratively, one who protects or defends
a spot resembling, or having the form of a shield.
obsolete: a coin, the old French crown, or écu
sci fi: a field of energy that protects or defends
colloquial: a police badge
transportation: a sign or symbol identifying a highway route.
Etymology 2 [ edit ]
Old English . scieldan
shield ( third-person singular simple present , shields present participle , shielding simple past and past participle ) shielded
To protect, to defend.
2004, Chris Wallace, “Character: Profiles in Presidential Courage”, in (Please provide the book title or journal name):
Shots rang out and a 15-year-old boy, shielding a woman from the line of fire, was killed.
( electricity ) to protect from the influence of
Translations [ edit ]
electricity: to protect from the influence of
Anagrams [ edit ]