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See also: Parma


Etymology 1[edit]

From parmigiana.



  1. (Australia) A dish cooked in the parmigiana style
    The local pub was offering a chicken parma and a pot of beer for $8.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin parma.


parma (plural parmae)

  1. A small shield carried by the infantry and cavalry.





  1. gadfly


eques cum parmā (cavalryman with parma)


From parmula, dissimilated from palmula, from palma (hand), referring to the shield being handheld.[1]

Or, borrowed from a Celtic word.[2]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]


parma f (genitive parmae); first declension

  1. a parma; a small shield carried by the infantry and cavalry
  2. (poetic) any shield
  3. (poetic) a Thraex; a gladiator armed with a parma
  4. vocative singular of parma

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative parma parmae
genitive parmae parmārum
dative parmae parmīs
accusative parmam parmās
ablative parmā parmīs
vocative parma parmae
Derived terms[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



  1. ablative singular of parma


  • parma in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • parma in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “parma”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • parma” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • parma in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • parma in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly
  • parma in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • parma in Richard Stillwell et al., editor (1976) The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press
  1. ^ Classical Association of the Atlantic States (1919): The Classical Weekly, Volume 12, p. 215
  2. ^ Ramat, Anna Giacalone et al (2015): The Indo-European Languages, p. 268