palma

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Palma, pálma, palmá, Pálma, palmã, and palmă

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese and Spanish palma. Doublet of palm, palmo, and pam.

Noun[edit]

palma (plural palmas)

  1. (historical) Alternative form of palmo, traditional Portuguese and Spanish units of length.

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin palma.

Noun[edit]

palma f (plural palmes)

  1. palm (inner, concave part of hand)
  2. palm leaf

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Latin palma, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₂meh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

palma f (plural palmes)

  1. palm tree
    Synonyms: palmera, palmer
  2. palm leaf
  3. palm of the hand
    Synonym: palmell

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

palma f (related adjective palmový)

  1. palm (tropical tree)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • palma in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • palma in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician-Portuguese palma (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from Latin palma.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

palma f (plural palmas)

  1. (anatomy) palm (of the handl)
  2. (usually in the plural) claps
  3. palm tree
    Synonym: palmeira
  4. palm leaf

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • palma” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • palma” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • palma” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • palma” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • palma” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology[edit]

From Latin palma, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₂meh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpal.ma/
  • Rhymes: -alma
  • Hyphenation: pàl‧ma

Noun[edit]

palma f (plural palme)

  1. palm tree, palm
  2. palm (of the hand)
  3. palm (corresponding part of the forefoot of a lower mammal)

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

palma manūs (palm of the hand)
palma (palm tree)

From Proto-Italic *palamā, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₂meh₂, from *pleh₂- (flat). Cognate with Ancient Greek παλάμη (palámē), Old Irish lám, Old English folm, and Albanian shpall.

Noun[edit]

palma f (genitive palmae); first declension

  1. palm of the hand, hand
    Synonym: palmus
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 1.93-94:
      ingemit, et duplicīs tendēns ad sīdera palmās
      tālia vōce refert: [...].
      Groaning, and extending both [his] hands to the stars, [Aeneas] responds with such an expression [of his fear]: [...].
      (Facing imminent death at sea, Aeneas invokes the gods, raising his hands with the palms facing upward as if to receive divine blessing.)
  2. blade of an oar
  3. palm tree; date tree
  4. (figurative) victory
  5. (Medieval Latin) a linear measure, palm, of various exact values throughout Europe but usually one quarter of the local foot.
    Synonym: (Classical Latin) palmus
Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative palma palmae
Genitive palmae palmārum
Dative palmae palmīs
Accusative palmam palmās
Ablative palmā palmīs
Vocative palma palmae
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

eques cum palmā (cavalryman with parma)

Collateral form of parma.

Noun[edit]

palma f (genitive palmae); first declension

  1. Alternative form of parma (small shield)
Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative palma palmae
Genitive palmae palmārum
Dative palmae palmīs
Accusative palmam palmās
Ablative palmā palmīs
Vocative palma palmae

References[edit]

  • palma”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • palma”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • palma in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • palma in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to award the prize to..: palmam deferre, dare alicui
    • to win the prize: palmam ferre, auferre
  • palma”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • palma”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Latvian[edit]

Noun[edit]

palma f (4th declension)

  1. palm tree

Declension[edit]

Malay[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English palm, from Latin palma.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

palma (Jawi spelling ڤلما‎, plural palma-palma, informal 1st possessive palmaku, 2nd possessive palmamu, 3rd possessive palmanya)

  1. palm tree (any tree of the family Arecaceae)

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch palmen.

Verb[edit]

palma

  1. a-infinitive form of palme

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

palma f

  1. (non-standard since 1959) definite singular of palme

References[edit]

  • “palma” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
  • “palma”, in Norsk Ordbok: ordbok over det norske folkemålet og det nynorske skriftmålet, Oslo: Samlaget, 1950-2016

Anagrams[edit]

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
palma

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin palma, from Proto-Italic *pəlmā, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₂meh₂, from *pleh₂-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

palma f (diminutive palemka)

  1. palm tree
  2. Easter palm

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

adjective
nouns

Further reading[edit]

  • palma in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • palma in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician-Portuguese palma, from Latin palma, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₂meh₂. Doublet of palmo

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈpaw.mɐ/ [ˈpaʊ̯.mɐ]
    • (Southern Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈpaw.ma/ [ˈpaʊ̯.ma]

  • Rhymes: (Portugal) -almɐ, (Brazil) -awmɐ
  • Hyphenation: pal‧ma

Noun[edit]

palma f (plural palmas)

  1. palm (inner part of the hand)
    palma da mãopalm of the hand
  2. (usually in the plural) clap (the act of striking the palms of the hands)
  3. (in the plural) applause
  4. palm tree (any tree of the family Arecaceae)
    Synonym: palmeira
  5. (historical) Alternative form of palmo, a traditional unit of length

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

palma f

  1. definite nominative/accusative singular of palmă

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pâːlma/
  • Hyphenation: pal‧ma

Noun[edit]

pȃlma f (Cyrillic spelling па̑лма)

  1. palm-tree

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pȃlma f

  1. palm (tree)

Inflection[edit]

The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. pálma
gen. sing. pálme
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
pálma pálmi pálme
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
pálme pálm pálm
dative
(dajȃlnik)
pálmi pálmama pálmam
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
pálmo pálmi pálme
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
pálmi pálmah pálmah
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
pálmo pálmama pálmami

Further reading[edit]

  • palma”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish[edit]

palm of the hand

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpalma/ [ˈpal.ma]
  • Rhymes: -alma
  • Syllabification: pal‧ma

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Old Spanish palma, from Latin palma, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₂meh₂. Doublet of palmo.

Noun[edit]

palma f (plural palmas)

  1. palm of the hand
    Antonym: dorso
  2. palm tree
    Synonym: palmera
  3. palm leaf
  4. (historical) Alternative form of palmo (a traditional unit of length)
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

palma

  1. inflection of palmar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading[edit]