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See also: AES, áes, äes, -aes, a**es, äs, and æs


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  1. (rare) plural of a, the name of the letter A.
    • Mouthing out his hollow oes and aes, Deep-chested music. (Alfred Tennyson)






  1. easy


Latin Wikipedia has articles on:
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From Proto-Italic *aos, early *ajos, from Proto-Indo-European *áyos, h₂éyos.

Cognate with English ore.



aes n (genitive aeris); third declension

  1. money, pay, fee, fare
  2. copper, bronze, brass
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 8.445
      Fluit aes riuis aurique metallum, uulnificusque chalybs uasta fornace liquescit.
      Bronze and golden ore flowed in streams, and steel, that deals wounds, melted in a vast furnace.
  3. payment, debt


Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
nominative aes aera
genitive aeris aerum
dative aerī aeribus
accusative aes aera
ablative aere aeribus
vocative aes aera


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • aes in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aes in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “aes”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • aes” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • coined money; bullion: aes (argentum) signatum
    • to incur debts: aes alienum (always in sing.) facere, contrahere
    • to incur debts on a large scale: grande, magnum (opp. exiguum) aes alienum conflare
    • to get into debt: incidere in aes alienum
    • to be in debt: aes alienum habere
    • to pay one's debts: aes alienum dissolvere, exsolvere
    • to engrave a law upon a brazen tablet: legem in aes incīdere
    • (ambiguous) to breathe the air: aera spiritu ducere
    • (ambiguous) to be in debt: in aere alieno esse
    • (ambiguous) to be deeply in debt: aere alieno obrutum, demersum esse
    • (ambiguous) to have pressing debts: aere alieno oppressum esse
    • (ambiguous) to get out of debt: ex aere alieno exire
    • (ambiguous) to get out of debt: aere alieno liberari
    • (ambiguous) to be fined 10,000 asses: decem milibus aeris damnari
  • aes in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aes in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin