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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to split, to dissect

Derived terms[edit]

  • *skey-d- (extended root)
  • *skey-ti (root present)
  • *ski-yé-ti (yé-present)
  • *skoy-eh₂
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:

Extended form *skey-t-.

  • *skey-to-s
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *ščítъ (shield)[1] (see there for further descendants)
    • Celtic: *skētos
      • Old Irish: scíath (shield) (see there for further descendants)
      • Welsh: ysgwyd (shield)
  • *skoyt-
    • Germanic: (possibly) *skaiþaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *skoy-to-m
    • Latin: scūtum (shield) (possibly)


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*ščítъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 486