scio

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Scio and sciò

Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈst͡sio]
  • Audio:
    (file)
  • Rhymes: -io
  • Hyphenation: sci‧o

Noun[edit]

scio (uncountable, accusative scion)

  1. knowledge

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): */ˈʃi.o/
  • Rhymes: -io
  • Hyphenation: scì‧o

Verb[edit]

scio

  1. first-person singular present indicative of sciare

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *skijō, from Proto-Indo-European *skey- (to distinguish, dissect). Related to secō (to cut off), signum (a sign), Ancient Greek σχίζω (skhízō, to split) and English shit.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sciō (present infinitive scīre, perfect active scīvī or sciī, supine scītum); fourth conjugation

  1. to be able to, to know (how to do), understand, to have practical knowledge
    Synonyms: agnōscō, cognōscō, inveniō, sentiō, cōnsciō, sapiō, nōscō, scīscō, intellegō, percipiō, discernō, tongeō, cernō, audiō
    Antonyms: ignōrō, nesciō
    Scīsne ubi habitēmus?Do you know where we live?
  2. (euphemistic) to know carnally

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of sciō (fourth conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sciō scīs scit scīmus scītis sciunt
imperfect sciēbam sciēbās sciēbat sciēbāmus sciēbātis sciēbant
future sciam sciēs sciet sciēmus sciētis scient
perfect scīvī,
sciī
scīvistī,
sciistī
scīvit,
sciit
scīvimus,
sciimus
scīvistis,
sciistis
scīvērunt,
scīvēre,
sciērunt,
sciēre
pluperfect scīveram,
scieram
scīverās,
scierās
scīverat,
scierat
scīverāmus,
scierāmus
scīverātis,
scierātis
scīverant,
scierant
future perfect scīverō,
scierō
scīveris,
scieris
scīverit,
scierit
scīverimus,
scierimus
scīveritis,
scieritis
scīverint,
scierint
passive present scior scīris,
scīre
scītur scīmur scīminī sciuntur
imperfect sciēbar sciēbāris,
sciēbāre
sciēbātur sciēbāmur sciēbāminī sciēbantur
future sciar sciēris,
sciēre
sciētur sciēmur sciēminī scientur
perfect scītus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect scītus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect scītus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sciam sciās sciat sciāmus sciātis sciant
imperfect scīrem scīrēs scīret scīrēmus scīrētis scīrent
perfect scīverim,
scierim
scīverīs,
scierīs
scīverit,
scierit
scīverīmus,
scierīmus
scīverītis,
scierītis
scīverint,
scierint
pluperfect scīvissem,
sciissem
scīvissēs,
sciissēs
scīvisset,
sciisset
scīvissēmus,
sciissēmus
scīvissētis,
sciissētis
scīvissent,
sciissent
passive present sciar sciāris,
sciāre
sciātur sciāmur sciāminī sciantur
imperfect scīrer scīrēris,
scīrēre
scīrētur scīrēmur scīrēminī scīrentur
perfect scītus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect scītus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present scī scīte
future scītō scītō scītōte sciuntō
passive present scīre scīminī
future scītor scītor sciuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives scīre scīvisse,
sciisse
scītūrum esse scīrī scītum esse scītum īrī
participles sciēns scītūrus scītus sciendus,
sciundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
sciendī sciendō sciendum sciendō scītum scītū

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • scio”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • scio”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • scio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • I know for a fact: certo (certe) scio (Arch. 12. 32)
    • I know very well: probe scio, non ignoro
    • as far as I know: quantum scio
    • as far as I know: quod sciam
    • we know from experience: experti scimus, didicimus
    • to have received a liberal education: litteras scire
    • to know Latin: latinam linguam scire or didicisse
    • to know Latin: latine scire