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From per- (through) +‎ capiō (capture, seize; understand).



percipiō (present infinitive percipere, perfect active percēpī, supine perceptum); third conjugation iō-variant

  1. to seize or take on (entirely); assume; earn; occupy, keep (i.e. maintain control)
    • Caesar, de Bello Gallico VII, 27:
      Cohortatus ut aliquando pro tantis laboribus fructum victoriae perciperent
      Exhorts them to finally seize the fruit of victory in exchange for their exertions
  2. to perceive, observe, notice
    Synonym: observō
  3. to feel, perceive
    Synonyms: sapiō, sentiō, cernō, cōnspicor
  4. to learn, know, conceive, comprehend, understand
    Synonyms: agnōscō, cognōscō, inveniō, sentiō, comperiō, cōnsciō, sapiō, sciō, nōscō, scīscō, intellegō, discernō, tongeō, cernō, audiō
    Antonyms: ignōrō, nesciō
    • 43 BCEc. 17 CE, Ovid, Fasti 4.938:
      ‘causam percipe’ flāmen ait.
      ‘‘Understand the reason,’’ the flamen said.
      (Spoken by the Flamen Quirinalis; see also flamen.)


Note there is an old form percēpset for percēpisset.

   Conjugation of percipiō (third conjugation -variant)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present percipiō percipis percipit percipimus percipitis percipiunt
imperfect percipiēbam percipiēbās percipiēbat percipiēbāmus percipiēbātis percipiēbant
future percipiam percipiēs percipiet percipiēmus percipiētis percipient
perfect percēpī percēpistī percēpit percēpimus percēpistis percēpērunt,
pluperfect percēperam percēperās percēperat percēperāmus percēperātis percēperant
future perfect percēperō percēperis percēperit percēperimus percēperitis percēperint
passive present percipior perciperis,
percipitur percipimur percipiminī percipiuntur
imperfect percipiēbar percipiēbāris,
percipiēbātur percipiēbāmur percipiēbāminī percipiēbantur
future percipiar percipiēris,
percipiētur percipiēmur percipiēminī percipientur
perfect perceptus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect perceptus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect perceptus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present percipiam percipiās percipiat percipiāmus percipiātis percipiant
imperfect perciperem perciperēs perciperet perciperēmus perciperētis perciperent
perfect percēperim percēperīs percēperit percēperīmus percēperītis percēperint
pluperfect percēpissem percēpissēs percēpisset percēpissēmus percēpissētis percēpissent
passive present percipiar percipiāris,
percipiātur percipiāmur percipiāminī percipiantur
imperfect perciperer perciperēris,
perciperētur perciperēmur perciperēminī perciperentur
perfect perceptus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect perceptus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present percipe percipite
future percipitō percipitō percipitōte percipiuntō
passive present percipere percipiminī
future percipitor percipitor percipiuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives percipere percēpisse perceptūrum esse percipī perceptum esse perceptum īrī
participles percipiēns perceptūrus perceptus percipiendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
percipiendī percipiendō percipiendum percipiendō perceptum perceptū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • percipio”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • percipio”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • percipio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be perceptible to the senses: sensibus percipi
    • to derive (great) profit , advantage from a thing: fructum (uberrimum) capere, percipere, consequi ex aliqua re
    • to derive pleasure from a thing: voluptatem ex aliqua re capere or percipere
    • to have a thorough grasp of a subject: penitus percipere et comprehendere aliquid (De Or. 1. 23. 108)
    • to take pleasure in a thing: laetitiam capere or percipere ex aliqua re
    • to be vexed about a thing: dolorem capere (percipere) ex aliqua re
    • to feel sorrow about a thing: luctum percipere ex aliqua re
    • to reap: fructus demetere or percipere
  • percipio in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016