per-

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: per, Per, PER, pêr, për, and për-

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin per and per-.

Prefix[edit]

per-

  1. (non-productive) In verbs: denoting the sense "through", as in perforate.
  2. (non-productive) In verbs: denoting the sense "thoroughly", as in perfect.
  3. (non-productive) In verbs: denoting the sense "to destruction", as in pervert.
  4. (non-productive) In adjectives and adverbs: denoting the sense "extremely", as in perfervid.
  5. (chemistry) Forming nouns and adjectives denoting the maximum proportion of one element in a compound, as in peroxide.
  6. (chemistry) Added to the name of an element in a polyatomic ion to denote the number of atoms of that element (usually four).

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Old French per (modern French par).

Prefix[edit]

per-

  1. (non-productive) Denoting the sense "by" or "per", as in perchance or perhaps.

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin per-.

Prefix[edit]

per-

  1. used to make superlatives of adjectives and adverbs
    perguapu
    very beautiful
    perblancu
    very white
    perbién
    very well
    perlloñe
    very far

See also[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Back-formation from per.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /per/
  • Hyphenation: per

Prefix[edit]

per-

  1. denotes that the action expressed by the root becomes a means to attain a goal
    per- + ‎labori (to work) → ‎perlabori (to earn)
    per- + ‎ludi (to play) → ‎perludi (to win)
    per- + ‎flati (to flatter) → ‎perflati (to coax)

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Prefix[edit]

per-

  1. per-

Derived terms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin per (through).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

per-

  1. (chemistry) per-

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay per-, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *paʀ. Cognate with Tagalog pag-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [pər-]
  • Hyphenation: pêr

Prefix[edit]

per-

  1. Used to form nouns from verbs conjugated with ber-

Alternative forms[edit]

  • pe- used in word with initial /r/ or word with final /-ər/ in first syllable
  • pel- used in word ajar and its derivative

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *peri-. Related to per (through).

Prefix[edit]

per-

  1. Used to make adjectives or verbs that are "very" something.
    magnus (great, large)permagnus (very great, very large)
    multī (many)permultī (very many)
  2. Used to form verbs that are intensive or completive, conveying the idea of doing something all the way through or entirely.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

per-

  1. abstraction, place, goal, result

Derived terms[edit]