pre-

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • prae- (archaic, technical, or pedantic)
  • præ- (archaic, technical, or pedantic)

Etymology[edit]

From the Borrowing from Latin prae-, from the preposition prae (before).

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

pre-

  1. Before; used to form words meaning "in front of (in space)"; (anatomy) anterior.
  2. Before; used to form words meaning "before (in time)".

Usage notes[edit]

  • This prefix is usually prefixed to words without using a hyphen (for example, prefix, predate). A hyphen is used in the following cases:
    • Where excluding a hyphen would be likely to lead to a mispronunciation of the word because "pre" appears not to be a complete syllable (for example, "pre-yaw course", which could be read as "prey aw course" if unhyphenated).
    • Always in British English before the letter e (for example, pre-existing)
    • Often in British English before other vowels (for example, pre-operative);
    • Always in all varieties of English before a character other than a letter (for example, pre-1960).

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin prae- (before).

Prefix[edit]

pre-

  1. Before; used to form words meaning "in front of" or "before".
  2. Before; used to form words meaning superiority or excellence.

Derived terms[edit]



Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English pre-, French pré-, Italian pre-, Spanish pre-, Russian пред- (pred-), пре- (pre-)

Prefix[edit]

pre-

  1. pre-

Derived terms[edit]



Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin prae- (before).

Prefix[edit]

pre-

  1. pre-

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin prae

Prefix[edit]

pre-

  1. pre-

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin prae

Prefix[edit]

pre-

  1. pre-

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin prae-.

Prefix[edit]

pre-

  1. pre- (before)

Romanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin per-, with a few cases influenced by prae.

Prefix[edit]

pre-

  1. used with verbs to indicate repetition or insistence

Examples: presăra, prelinge. Compare also prevedea, priveghea

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from French pre-, Latin prae-.

  1. pre-

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *per-.

Prefix[edit]

pre- (Cyrillic spelling пре-)

  1. Prefix prepended to adjectives and adverbs to denote excess of a feature; too, excessively, over-
    dug / preduglong / overlong
  2. Prefix prepended to verbs to indicate an action being done excessively, again or differently; re-, over-
    trpati / pretrpatito stuff / to overstuff
  3. Prefix prepended to verbs to indicate change in form, especially through partition
    prepolovitisplit up
  4. Prefix prepended to imperfective verbs to make them perfective; to indicate that the action has been carried out
    Spavat ću u hotelu. Prespavao sam u hotelu.I will sleep in a hotel. I slept (over) in a hotel.

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix matches the usage of all mentioned prefixes in English for all adjectives and majority of verbs. When "pre-" may cause confusion or cannot be prefixed to a verb in order to indicate repetition, opet or ponovo ("again" / "anew") followed by the verb construction is used instead, e.g. "redo" would be "ponovno uraditi" ("do again") rather than preraditi ("rework").


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin prae- (before), from the preposition prae.

Prefix[edit]

pre-

  1. pre-

Derived terms[edit]