pra-

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See also: PRA, pra, prą, p'ra, and prä-

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Czech pra- (before (in time)).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

pra-

  1. great- (removed by one generation from)
    pra- + ‎dědeček → ‎pradědeček (great-grandfather)
    pra- + ‎babička → ‎prababička (great-grandmother)
  2. fore- (ancestor)
    pra- + ‎otec → ‎praotec (forefather)
    pra- + ‎máti → ‎pramáti (foremother)
  3. primaeval, primary
    pra- + ‎les → ‎prales (primaeval forest)
    pra- + ‎člověk → ‎pračlověk (primaeval man)
    pra- + ‎hmota → ‎prahmota (primary matter)
  4. (linguistics) proto-
    pra- + ‎čeština → ‎pračeština (Proto-Czech)
    pra- + ‎slovanština → ‎praslovanština (Proto-Slavic)
    Synonym: proto-
  5. very, extremely (intensifying the meaning of the original adjective)
    pra- + ‎podivný → ‎prapodivný (very strange)
    pra- + ‎malý → ‎pramalý (extremely small)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "pra-" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, Leda, 2015, →ISBN, page 545.

Further reading[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pro-, from Ancient Greek πρό (pró, before).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pra/
  • Hyphenation: pra

Prefix[edit]

pra-

  1. ur-; primitive; primordial; prehistoric
    pra- + ‎arbaro (forest) → ‎praarbaro (primordial forest)
    pra- + ‎besto (animal) → ‎prabesto (prehistoric animal)
    pra- + ‎homo (human being) → ‎prahomo (primitive man)
  2. fore-
    pra- + ‎patroj (fathers) → ‎prapatroj (forefathers)
    pra- + ‎ulo (person) → ‎praulo (ancestor)
  3. great-
    pra- + ‎avo (grandfather) → ‎praavo (great-grandfather)
    pra- + ‎onklino (aunt) → ‎praonklino (great-aunt)
    pra- + ‎nepo (grandson) → ‎pranepo (great-grandson)

Derived terms[edit]


Polish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

pra-

  1. proto-, pre-, ur-
    pra- + ‎porządek → ‎praporządek (preorder)
    pra- + ‎język → ‎prajęzyk (proto-language)
    pra- + ‎stary → ‎prastary (ancient)
  2. prepended to ancestors before grandparents; great-
    pra- + ‎dziadek → ‎pradziadek (great-grandfather)
    pra- + ‎babcia → ‎prababcia (great-grandmother)
  3. prepended to descendants after grandchildren
    pra- + ‎wnuk → ‎prawnuk (great-grandson)
    pra- + ‎wnuczka → ‎prawnuczka (great-granddaughter)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • pra- in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Prefix[edit]

pra- (Cyrillic spelling пра-)

  1. appended to ancestors before grandparents
    pra- + ‎dȅda → ‎pradeda
    pra- + ‎bȁba → ‎pràbaba
  2. ur-; primitive; primordial; prehistoric
    pra- + ‎postojbina → ‎prapostojbina (urheimat)
    pra- + ‎ìstōrija → ‎praistorija (prehistory)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Prefix[edit]

pra-

  1. great- (removed by one generation from)
    pra- + ‎ded → ‎praded
  2. (linguistics) proto-
    pra- + ‎slovanština → ‎praslovanština

Derived terms[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

prȃ-

  1. great- (removed by one generation from)
    pra- + ‎ded → ‎praded
  2. (linguistics) proto-
    pra- + ‎slovanščina → ‎praslovanščina

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • pra-”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran