ur-

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German ur-, originally from Old High German ir-, ur- (thoroughly),[1] from Proto-Germanic *uz- (out), from Proto-Indo-European *uds- (up, out), from Proto-Indo-European *ud- (same meaning). Cognate with Dutch oer-, English or-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ur-

  1. Forming words with the sense of ‘proto-, primitive, original’.
    • 2003, John Adcox, 'Can Fantasy be Myth? Mythopoeia and The Lord of the Rings', The Newsletter of the Mythic Imagination Institute[1]:
      Some stories reach deeper, into the most primal and profound truths. They mirror, in new and original ways, the Ur-myth, the act of creation itself.
    • 2007, Max Rodenbeck, ‘Lebanon's Agony’, New York Review of Books, vol. 54 no. 11:
      Lebanon ultimately remains hostage to the regional ur-conflict over Palestine.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “Ur-”, in the Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, 1974 edition.

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ur-

  1. ur-, proto-

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German ur-, from Old High German ur-, ir- (thoroughly), from Old High German uz (out of; proceeding from) (modern aus, English out).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /uːɐ̯/, [ʔuːɐ̯] (standard)
  • IPA(key): /ʊʁ/, [ʔʊɐ̯] (by a common merger)
  • (file)

Prefix[edit]

ur-

  1. ur- (proto-, primitive, original)[1]
    ur- + ‎Schrei (scream) → ‎Urschrei (primal scream)
    ur- + ‎Wald (forest) → ‎Urwald (primeval forest)
  2. great-; indicates an additional generation of separation between relatives
    ur- + ‎Opa (grandfather) → ‎Uropa (great-grandfather)
  3. (especially Austria) very; used to intensify adjectives
    ur- + ‎alt (old) → ‎uralt (ancient)
    ur- + ‎gemütlich (cosy) → ‎urgemütlich (very cosy)
  4. (in some old inherited nouns) Alternative form of er-

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ur-

  1. Romanization of 𐌿𐍂-

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish er. Akin to ar.

Prefix[edit]

ur-

  1. before, ante-, pro-; over-
  2. (intensifying) very
  3. Alternative form of for- (over, superior, super-; outer, external; great, extreme)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
ur- n-ur- hur- t-ur-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German ur-

Prefix[edit]

ur-

  1. primeval, primordial, primitive, proto-
  2. first, original
  3. exceedingly, extremely, very (in adjectives)

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German ur-

Prefix[edit]

ur-

  1. primeval, primordial, primitive, proto-
  2. first, original
  3. exceedingly, extremely, very (in adjectives)

References[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ur-

  1. thoroughly[1]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ur-, in the Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, 1974 edition.