ur-

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From German ur-, originally from Old High German ir-, ur- (thoroughly),[1] from Proto-Germanic *uz- (out), from Proto-Indo-European *uds- (up, out), from Proto-Indo-European *ud- (same meaning). Cognate with Dutch oor-, English or-. Compare or-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ur-

  1. Forming words with the sense of ‘proto-, primitive, original’.
    • 2003, John Adcox, 'Can Fantasy be Myth? Mythopoeia and The Lord of the Rings', The Newsletter of the Mythic Imagination Institute[1]:
      Some stories reach deeper, into the most primal and profound truths. They mirror, in new and original ways, the Ur-myth, the act of creation itself.
    • 2007, Max Rodenbeck, ‘Lebanon's Agony’, New York Review of Books, vol. 54 no. 11:
      Lebanon ultimately remains hostage to the regional ur-conflict over Palestine.

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “Ur-”, in the Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, 1974 edition.

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German, ir-, or ur- meaning thoroughly.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /uːɐ̯/, [ʔuːɐ̯]

Prefix[edit]

ur-

  1. ur- (proto-, primitive, original).[1]
  2. (in combination with an adjective) very. (an intensifier of an adjective, especially in Vienna).

Usage notes[edit]

Nouns with this prefix are capitalized just like other nouns in German.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 “ur-” in the Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, 1974 edition.

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish er. Akin to ar.

Prefix[edit]

ur-

  1. before, ante-, pro-; over-
  2. (intensifying) very

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
ur- n-ur- hur- t-ur-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old High German[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ur-

  1. thoroughly[1]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ur-, in the Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, 1974 edition.