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See also: opa, OPA, opá, and opâ



  • IPA(key): /ˈoːpa/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /ˈɔpa/ (chiefly western German)
  • IPA(key): /ˈoːpʰɐ/ (some speakers from Kiel)[1]
  • (file)
  • Homophone: Oper [2]


Opa m (genitive Opas, plural Opas, diminutive Opachen n)

  1. grandpa
  2. any elderly man

Usage notes[edit]

  • The word is commonly used with a definite article in most parts of central Germany, southern Germany, and Austria: Wo ist der Opa? – "Where is Grandpa?" In northern Germany—and generally in writing—no article tends to be used: Wo ist Opa?
  • The genitive Opas is used before the modified term, without any article or determiner: Opas Tasche – “Grandpa’s bag”. This is chiefly northern German usage; the rest of the language prefers: die Tasche vom Opa (as above). — The genitive can also be used with an accompanying article or determiner: die Tasche meines Opas – “my grandpa’s bag”. This, however, is formal usage and Opa is rather rare in formal style; children will say instead: die Tasche von meinem Opa.


Derived terms[edit]



Further reading[edit]

  • Opa in Duden online


  1. ^ Mooshammer, Christine; Rathcke, Tamara V ((Can we date this quote?)) “Opa vs Oper: Neutralization of /ɐ/ and unstressed /a/ contrast in a perception and production study”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[1], archived from the original on 19 July 2017
  2. ^ ibid