original

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See also: Original

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English original, from Old French original, from Late Latin orīginālis (primitive, original), from Latin orīgō (beginning, source, origin); see origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /əˈɹɪdʒɪnəl/, /əˈɹɪdʒənəl/, /əˈɹɪdʒnəl/
  • (obsolete) IPA(key): /ɒˈɹɪdʒɪnəl/[1]
  • Hyphenation: ori‧gi‧nal, orig‧i‧nal
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

original (comparative more original, superlative most original)

  1. (not comparable) Relating to the origin or beginning; preceding all others.
    the original state of mankind;  the original laws of a country;  the original inventor of a process
    • 1944, Miles Burton, chapter 5, in The Three Corpse Trick[2], →ISBN, OCLC 3289313, OL 10563347W:
      The hovel stood in the centre of what had once been a vegetable garden, but was now a patch of rank weeds. Surrounding this, almost like a zareba, was an irregular ring of gorse and brambles, an unclaimed vestige of the original common.
  2. (not comparable) First in a series of copies or versions.
    The original manuscript contained spelling errors which were fixed in later versions.
    This recording is by the original broadway cast.
    Synonym: initial
  3. (not comparable) Newly created.
    Tonight we will hear an original work by one of our best composers.
  4. (comparable) Fresh, different.
    The paper contains a number of original ideas about color perception.
  5. (not comparable) Pioneering.
    Parker was one of the original bebop players.
  6. (not comparable) Having a specified place or time as its origin.
    This kind of barbecue is original to North Carolina.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

original (plural originals)

  1. An object or other creation (e.g. narrative work) from which all later copies and variations are derived.
    Synonym: prototype
    Hyponym: autograph
    Antonyms: copy, derivative, remake, reproduction, ultimate
    This manuscript is the original.
  2. A person with a unique and interesting personality or creative talent.
    • 1700, Tom Brown, Amusements Serious and Comical, calculated for the Meridian of London, page 5:
      I have a great mind to be in Print; but above all, I would fain be an Original, and that is a true Comical Thought: When all the Learned Men in the World are but Tranſlators, is it not a Pleaſant Jeſt, that you ſhould ſtrive to be an Original! You ſhould have obſerved your Time, and have come into the World with the Ancient Greeks for that purpoſe; for the Latines themſelves are but Copies.
    • 1975, The Educational Trends (volumes 10-14, page 59)
      Ahmad (1969) studied the personality differences among middle school girls identified as originals and unoriginals on the Minnesota's test of creative thinking.
    • 2010, A. Kusuma, Creativity and Cognitive Styles in Children (page 73)
      The originals or the creatives were more dominant than the unoriginals or the low creatives.
  3. (archaic) An eccentric person.
  4. A newly designed garment released by a fashion designer as part of a collection.
    • 1962, "It's Fashion fair time again", in Ebony (volume 17, number 11, page 126)
      Fashion Fair will give every section first hand knowledge of the latest originals and 1962-63's exciting trends.
    • 1963, National Retail Merchants Association. Sales Promotion Division, The NRMA Sales Promotion Encyclopedia, Vol. II. (page 175)
      One such show was built around the Du Pont spring collection of Paris originals.
  5. A ridgeling.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jespersen, Otto (1909) A Modern English Grammar on Historical Principles (Germanischer Elementar- und Handbücher; 9)‎[1], volume I: Sounds and Spellings, London: George Allen & Unwin, published 1961, § 13.28, page 362.

Further reading[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin orīginālis, attested from the 14th century.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

original (masculine and feminine plural originals)

  1. original

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ original”, in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana, 2022

Further reading[edit]


Danish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

original (neuter originalt, plural and definite singular attributive originale)

  1. original

Noun[edit]

original c (singular definite originalen, plural indefinite originaler)

  1. an original

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin orīginālis. Doublet of originel.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

original (feminine originale, masculine plural originaux, feminine plural originales)

  1. original
    Antonyms: banal, copié, reproduit, vulgaire

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

original m (plural originaux)

  1. an unusual or eccentric person
  2. an original manuscript
    Synonym: autographe

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French original, from Old French original, from Late Latin orīginālis (primitive, original), from Latin orīgō (beginning, source, origin). Doublet of originell.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

original (strong nominative masculine singular originaler, comparative originaler, superlative am originalsten)

  1. original

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

original

  1. (colloquial, intensifier) really, actually
    Synonyms: echt, wirklich
    • 1997, Alexa Hennig von Lange, chapter 1, in Relax[4]:
      Wo ist jetzt diese verdammte Schachtel? Hier finde ich original nichts wieder.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Further reading[edit]

  • original” in Duden online
  • original” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French original, from Late Latin orīginālis; equivalent to origyne +‎ -al.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɔriɡiˈnaːl/, /ɔriɡiˈnal/, /ɔriːɡiˈnal/

Adjective[edit]

original (plural and weak singular originale)

  1. original, primordial; preceding everything else
  2. connected to the origin or beginning of something

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: original
  • Scots: original, oreeginal

References[edit]

Noun[edit]

original (plural originals) (Late Middle English)

  1. the origin, lineage, or provenance of something
  2. the authoritative, authorial, or primordial version of a work or source
  3. (rare) something that isn't living or artificial; a primordial element
  4. (rare) a reason, factor, or generator of something
  5. (rare) the root or etymological ancestor of a word
  6. (rare, religion) the making of the universe
  7. (rare, law) a legal document beginning legal action

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin orīginālis; the noun being derived from the adjective.

Adjective[edit]

original (neuter singular originalt, definite singular and plural originale)

  1. original

Noun[edit]

original m (definite singular originalen, indefinite plural originaler, definite plural originalene)

  1. an original

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin orīginālis; the noun being derived from the adjective.

Adjective[edit]

original (neuter singular originalt, definite singular and plural originale)

  1. original

Noun[edit]

original m (definite singular originalen, indefinite plural originalar, definite plural originalane)

  1. an original

References[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin orīginālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

original m (feminine singular originala, masculine plural originals, feminine plural originalas)

  1. original

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin orīginālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: o‧ri‧gi‧nal

Adjective[edit]

original m or f (plural originais)

  1. original (relating to the origin or beginning)
  2. original (being the first in a series)
  3. original (different; unique)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin originalis or French original.

Adjective[edit]

original m or n (feminine singular originală, masculine plural originali, feminine and neuter plural originale)

  1. original

Declension[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /oriɡǐnaːl/
  • Hyphenation: o‧ri‧gi‧nal

Noun[edit]

origìnāl m (Cyrillic spelling оригѝна̄л)

  1. original
    Antonym: falsifikat

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin orīginālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /oɾixiˈnal/, [o.ɾi.xiˈnal]
  • Hyphenation: o‧ri‧gi‧nal

Adjective[edit]

original (plural originales)

  1. original

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

original n

  1. an original

Declension[edit]

Declension of original 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative original originalet original originalen
Genitive originals originalets originals originalens

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]