प्रथम

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit प्रथम (prathamá).

Adjective[edit]

प्रथम (pratham)

  1. first, foremost
    Synonym: पहला (pahlā)
  2. preeminent

Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit प्रथम (prathamá).

Adjective[edit]

प्रथम (pratham)

  1. first, prior, initial, chief, principal

Adverb[edit]

प्रथम (pratham)

  1. first, at first, in the first place

References[edit]

  • Maxine Berntsen (1982-1983), “प्रथम”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies
  • James Thomas Molesworth (1857), “प्रथम”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *pratʰamás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *pratʰamás. Cognate with Avestan 𐬟𐬭𐬀𐬙𐬆𐬨𐬀 (fratəma), Old Persian 𐎳𐎼𐎫𐎶𐎠 (f-r-t-m-a), Old Armenian փարթամ (pʿartʿam). Replaces expected *pra-tamá, which would be the regular superlative of प्र (prá, forward, in front, forth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

प्रथम (prathamá)

  1. foremost, first (in time or in a series or in rank)
  2. earliest, primary, original, prior, former
  3. often translatable adverbially in the beginning of a compound; see especially प्रथमम् (prathamam), प्रथमात् (prathamāt)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of प्रथम
Nom. sg. प्रथमः (prathamaḥ)
Gen. sg. प्रथमस्य (prathamasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative प्रथमः (prathamaḥ) प्रथमौ (prathamau) प्रथमाः (prathamāḥ)
Vocative प्रथम (prathama) प्रथमौ (prathamau) प्रथमाः (prathamāḥ)
Accusative प्रथमम् (prathamam) प्रथमौ (prathamau) प्रथमान् (prathamān)
Instrumental प्रथमेन (prathamena) प्रथमाभ्याम् (prathamābhyām) प्रथमैः (prathamaiḥ)
Dative प्रथमाय (prathamāya) प्रथमाभ्याम् (prathamābhyām) प्रथमेभ्यः (prathamebhyaḥ)
Ablative प्रथमात् (prathamāt) प्रथमाभ्याम् (prathamābhyām) प्रथमेभ्यः (prathamebhyaḥ)
Genitive प्रथमस्य (prathamasya) प्रथमयोः (prathamayoḥ) प्रथमानाम् (prathamānām)
Locative प्रथमे (prathame) प्रथमयोः (prathamayoḥ) प्रथमेषु (prathameṣu)
Feminine ā-stem declension of प्रथम
Nom. sg. प्रथमा (prathamā)
Gen. sg. प्रथमायाः (prathamāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative प्रथमा (prathamā) प्रथमे (prathame) प्रथमाः (prathamāḥ)
Vocative प्रथमे (prathame) प्रथमे (prathame) प्रथमाः (prathamāḥ)
Accusative प्रथमाम् (prathamām) प्रथमे (prathame) प्रथमाः (prathamāḥ)
Instrumental प्रथमया (prathamayā) प्रथमाभ्याम् (prathamābhyām) प्रथमाभिः (prathamābhiḥ)
Dative प्रथमायै (prathamāyai) प्रथमाभ्याम् (prathamābhyām) प्रथमाभ्यः (prathamābhyaḥ)
Ablative प्रथमायाः (prathamāyāḥ) प्रथमाभ्याम् (prathamābhyām) प्रथमाभ्यः (prathamābhyaḥ)
Genitive प्रथमायाः (prathamāyāḥ) प्रथमयोः (prathamayoḥ) प्रथमानाम् (prathamānām)
Locative प्रथमायाम् (prathamāyām) प्रथमयोः (prathamayoḥ) प्रथमासु (prathamāsu)
Neuter a-stem declension of प्रथम
Nom. sg. प्रथमम् (prathamam)
Gen. sg. प्रथमस्य (prathamasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative प्रथमम् (prathamam) प्रथमे (prathame) प्रथमानि (prathamāni)
Vocative प्रथम (prathama) प्रथमे (prathame) प्रथमानि (prathamāni)
Accusative प्रथमम् (prathamam) प्रथमे (prathame) प्रथमानि (prathamāni)
Instrumental प्रथमेन (prathamena) प्रथमाभ्याम् (prathamābhyām) प्रथमैः (prathamaiḥ)
Dative प्रथमाय (prathamāya) प्रथमाभ्याम् (prathamābhyām) प्रथमेभ्यः (prathamebhyaḥ)
Ablative प्रथमात् (prathamāt) प्रथमाभ्याम् (prathamābhyām) प्रथमेभ्यः (prathamebhyaḥ)
Genitive प्रथमस्य (prathamasya) प्रथमयोः (prathamayoḥ) प्रथमानाम् (prathamānām)
Locative प्रथमे (prathame) प्रथमयोः (prathamayoḥ) प्रथमेषु (prathameṣu)

Noun[edit]

प्रथम (prathamám

  1. (grammar) (namely वर्ण (varṇa)) the first consonant of a वर्ग (varga), a surd unaspirate letter
  2. (grammar) (namely पुरुष (puruṣa)) the first (in Western grammar terminology, the 3rd) person or its terminations
  3. (namely स्वर (svara)) the first tone
  4. (mathematics) the sum of the products divided by the difference between the squares of the cosine of the azimuth and the sine of the amplitude
  5. the first tithi of each lunar fortnight

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of प्रथम (prathamá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative प्रथमः
prathamáḥ
प्रथमौ
prathamaú
प्रथमाः / प्रथमासः¹
prathamā́ḥ / prathamā́saḥ¹
Vocative प्रथम
práthama
प्रथमौ
práthamau
प्रथमाः / प्रथमासः¹
práthamāḥ / práthamāsaḥ¹
Accusative प्रथमम्
prathamám
प्रथमौ
prathamaú
प्रथमान्
prathamā́n
Instrumental प्रथमेन
prathaména
प्रथमाभ्याम्
prathamā́bhyām
प्रथमैः / प्रथमेभिः¹
prathamaíḥ / prathamébhiḥ¹
Dative प्रथमाय
prathamā́ya
प्रथमाभ्याम्
prathamā́bhyām
प्रथमेभ्यः
prathamébhyaḥ
Ablative प्रथमात्
prathamā́t
प्रथमाभ्याम्
prathamā́bhyām
प्रथमेभ्यः
prathamébhyaḥ
Genitive प्रथमस्य
prathamásya
प्रथमयोः
prathamáyoḥ
प्रथमानाम्
prathamā́nām
Locative प्रथमे
prathamé
प्रथमयोः
prathamáyoḥ
प्रथमेषु
prathaméṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]