prior

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin prior

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

prior (not comparable)

  1. Of that which comes before, in advance.
    I had no prior knowledge you were coming.
  2. former, previous
    His prior residence was smaller than his current one.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adverb[edit]

prior (comparative more prior, superlative most prior)

  1. (colloquial) Previously.
    The doctor had known three months prior.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

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Wikipedia

prior (plural priors)

  1. A high-ranking member of a monastery, usually lower in rank than an abbot.
  2. (US slang) A previous arrest or criminal conviction on someone's record. [from 19th c.]
    • 1939, Raymond Chandler, The Big Sleep, Penguin 2011, p. 53:
      ‘And a little later we get the routine report on his prints from Washington, and he's got a prior back in Indiana, attempted hold-up six years ago.’
  3. (statistics) In Bayesian inference, a prior probability distribution. [from 20th c.]

Translations[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Comparative of Old Latin *pri (before), from Proto-Indo-European *per- (beyond), *pro (before).

Adjective[edit]

prior comparative, m./f. sing., third declension (superlative: prīmus)

  1. former prior
  2. previous, original
  3. in front
  4. (figuratively) better, superior
  5. (substantive, Medieval Latin) abbot, prior

Usage notes[edit]

  • This adjective has no positive form; rather, it serves as the comparative (prior) and superlative (prīmus) of the preposition prae. (Compare the preposition post, with comparative posterior and superlative postremus).

Inflection[edit]

Third declension, comparative variant.

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative prior prius priōrēs priōra
genitive priōris priōris priōrum priōrum
dative priōrī priōrī priōribus priōribus
accusative priōrem prius priōrēs priōra
ablative priōre priōre priōribus priōribus
vocative prior prius priōrēs priōra

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]