arrest

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See also: Arrest

English[edit]

A suspect being arrested, as in most countries handcuffed with the arms on the back

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English arest (noun) and aresten (verb), from Old French areste (noun) and arester (to stay, stop, verb), from Vulgar Latin *arrestō, from Latin ad- (to) + restō (to stop, remain behind, stay back), from re- (back) + stō (to stand), from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (to stand), equivalent to ad- +‎ rest. Compare French arrêter (to stop).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /əˈɹɛst/
  • Hyphenation: ar‧rest
  • Rhymes: -ɛst
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

arrest (countable and uncountable, plural arrests)

  1. A check, stop, an act or instance of arresting something.
  2. The condition of being stopped, standstill.
  3. (law) The process of arresting a criminal, suspect etc.
  4. A confinement, detention, as after an arrest.
  5. A device to physically arrest motion.
  6. (nautical) The judicial detention of a ship to secure a financial claim against its operators.
  7. (obsolete) Any seizure by power, physical or otherwise.
    • 1673, Jeremy Taylor, Heniaytos: A Course of Sermons for All the Sundays of the Year []
      The sad stories of fire from heaven, the burning of his sheep, etc., [] were sad arrests to his troubled spirit.
  8. (farriery) A scurfiness of the back part of the hind leg of a horse[1]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

arrest (third-person singular simple present arrests, present participle arresting, simple past and past participle arrested)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To stop the motion of (a person or animal). [14th-19th c.]
    • 1708, John Philips, Cyder, book I, London: J. Tonson, page 11:
      Nor could her virtues, nor repeated vows Of thousand lovers, the relentless hand Of Death arrest;
    • 1952, Doris Lessing, Martha Quest, Panther 1974, p. 86:
      Mr. Van Rensberg broke the spell by arresting Martha as she trailed past him on Billy's arm, by pointing his pipestem at her and saying, ‘Hey, Matty, come here a minute.’
  2. (obsolete, intransitive) To stay, remain. [14th-16th c.]
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Edmund Spenser to this entry?)
  3. (transitive) To stop or slow (a process, course etc.). [from 14th c.]
    • 1994, Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom, Abacus 2010, p. 707:
      To try to arrest the spiral of violence, I contacted Chief Buthelezi to arrange a meeting.
    • 1997: Chris Horrocks, Introducing Foucault, page 69 (Totem Books, Icon Books; →ISBN
      Knowledge replaced universal resemblance with finite differences. History was arrested and turned into tables …Western reason had entered the age of judgement.
  4. (transitive) To seize (someone) with the authority of the law; to take into legal custody. [from 14th c.]
    The police have arrested a suspect in the murder inquiry.
  5. (transitive) To catch the attention of. [from 19th c.]
    • 1919: P. G. Wodehouse, My Man Jeeves:
      There is something about this picture—something bold and vigorous, which arrests the attention. I feel sure it would be highly popular.
  6. (intransitive, medicine) To undergo cardiac arrest.
    • 2004, Euan A. Ashley, Josef Niebauer, Cardiology Explained (page 66)
      Realizing the mistake immediately from the outline of the RCA on the fluoroscope screen, he rapidly removed the catheter – just as his patient arrested.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1817, James White, A Compendious Dictionary of the Veterinary Art.

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

arrest m (plural arrests or arrestos)

  1. arrest

Derived terms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Via German Arrest from Middle French arrest (arrest) (French arrêt), derived from the verb arrester (to hold back, arrest) (arrêter), borrowed to Danish arrestere.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [aˈʁasd̥], [aˈʁɑsd̥]

Noun[edit]

arrest c (singular definite arresten, plural indefinite arrester)

  1. arrest (the process of holding back a suspect)
  2. confinement, detention (a short-time prison)

Inflection[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch arrest, from Old French arest.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

arrest n (plural arresten, diminutive arrestje n)

  1. (law) sentence passed by a higher court
  2. (law) confiscation ordered by a legal ruling
  3. (law, historical) detention, confinement, especially after being arrested

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: ares
  • Negerhollands: arrest

Anagrams[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French arester

Noun[edit]

arrest m (definite singular arresten, indefinite plural arrester, definite plural arrestene)

  1. arrest, custody, detention

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French arester

Noun[edit]

arrest m (definite singular arresten, indefinite plural arrestar, definite plural arrestane)

  1. arrest, custody, detention

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

arrest c

  1. arrest, custody, detention (state of being imprisoned or detained)
    Synonym: häkte

Declension[edit]

Declension of arrest 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative arrest arresten arrester arresterna
Genitive arrests arrestens arresters arresternas

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]