gabh

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish gaibid (grasp; receive), from Proto-Celtic *gabyo-, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeh₁bʰ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gabh (present analytic gabhann, future analytic gabhfaidh, verbal noun gabháil, past participle gafa)

  1. (transitive)
    1. take
      1. take hold of, catch
      2. take possession of, assume authority over
      3. seize, capture
      4. win, gain
      5. assume, put on
      6. undertake; set about, begin
      7. accept, admit, receive
      8. conceive
      9. be affected by
      10. go by, pass along
      11. (mathematics) contain
  2. #
      1. fit, adjust
      2. yoke, harness
      3. (mechanics, engineering) mesh
      4. fix in position
      5. manage, control
      6. appoint
      7. (literary) hold
    1. (nautical) arrive at
    2. speak, sing, recite
  3. (intransitive)
    1. go
      1. move, proceed
      2. undertake certain course
      3. reach, extend
      4. be working
      5. pass through, fit into
    2. come

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

In Connemara, the future, conditional, and second-person singular imperative of this verb supply forms of téigh. In Ulster, the entire imperative supplies alternative forms of both tar (come) and téigh (go).

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gabh ghabh ngabh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "gabh" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • gaibid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish gaibid (grasp; receive), from Proto-Celtic *gabyo-, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeh₁bʰ-.

Verb[edit]

gabh (past ghabh, future gabhaidh, verbal noun gabhail, past participle gabhte)

  1. take, accept, receive, have
    Gabh cupa tì.Have/take a cup of tea.
  2. contain, hold
  3. sing, say, give, deliver, perform
    Gabh òran!Give [us] a song!
  4. get infected
  5. assume, pretend
  6. burn, kindle, ferment
  7. undertake, endeavour, be concerned with
  8. arrange
  9. can
    Cha ghabh sin a dhèanamh.That can't be done.
    cho teth 's a ghabhasas hot as possible
  10. must, be compelled to
  11. enlist, engage as a servant
  12. make secure
  13. entertain, treat
  14. acknowledge
  15. worry
  16. conceive, become pregnant
  17. beat, belabour
  18. betake, repair, proceed, go (motion)
  19. rest

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • gaibid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.