gabh

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Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish gaibid (grasp; receive), from Proto-Celtic *gabyeti, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeh₁bʰ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gabh (present analytic gabhann, future analytic gabhfaidh, verbal noun gabháil, past participle gafa)

  1. (transitive) take
  2. (intransitive) go
  3. (intransitive) come

Usage notes[edit]

  • In Connemara, the future, conditional, and second-person singular imperative of this verb supply forms of téigh. In Ulster, the entire imperative supplies alternative forms of both tar (come) and téigh (go).

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gabh ghabh ngabh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "gabh" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • gaibid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish gaibid (grasp; receive), from Proto-Celtic *gabyeti, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeh₁bʰ-.

Verb[edit]

gabh (past ghabh, future gabhaidh, verbal noun gabhail, past participle gabhte)

  1. take, accept, receive, have
    Gabh cupa tì.Have/take a cup of tea.
  2. contain, hold
  3. sing, say, give, deliver, perform
    Gabh òran!Give [us] a song!
  4. get infected
  5. assume, pretend
  6. burn, kindle, ferment
  7. undertake, endeavour, be concerned with
  8. arrange
  9. can
    Cha ghabh sin a dhèanamh.That can't be done.
    cho teth 's a ghabhasas hot as possible
  10. must, be compelled to
  11. enlist, engage as a servant
  12. make secure
  13. entertain, treat
  14. acknowledge
  15. worry
  16. conceive, become pregnant
  17. beat, belabour
  18. betake, repair, proceed, go (motion)
  19. rest

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • gaibid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.