kindle

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English[edit]

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Noun[edit]

kindle ‎(plural kindles)

  1. (obsolete) A group of kittens.
    A kindle of kittens.

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Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse kynda, from Proto-Germanic *kundijaną.

kindle ‎(third-person singular simple present kindles, present participle kindling, simple past and past participle kindled)

  1. (transitive) To start (a fire) or light (a torch, a match, coals, etc.).
    • 1841, Ancient Laws and Institutes of Wales, page 336:
      If a person kindle a fire in the house of another person, let him pay for the house to the owner, if it be burned.
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4
      And then it was that I first perceived the danger in which I stood; for there was no hope of kindling a light, and I doubted now whether even in the light I could ever have done much to dislodge the great slab of slate.
    • 2013 July-August, Henry Petroski, “Geothermal Energy”, American Scientist, volume 101, number 4: 
      Energy has seldom been found where we need it when we want it. Ancient nomads, wishing to ward off the evening chill and enjoy a meal around a campfire, had to collect wood and then spend time and effort coaxing the heat of friction out from between sticks to kindle a flame.
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To arouse or inspire (a passion, etc).
    He kindled an enthusiasm for the project in his fellow workers.
  3. (obsolete) To bring forth young; to give birth.
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
    • Holland
      The poor beast had but lately kindled.

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