inspire

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See also: inspiré and inspirē

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English inspiren, enspiren, from Old French inspirer, variant of espirer, from Latin īnspīrāre, present active infinitive of īnspīrō (inspire), itself a loan-translation of Biblical Ancient Greek πνέω (pnéō, breathe), from in + spīrō (breathe), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)peys- (to blow, breathe).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

inspire (third-person singular simple present inspires, present participle inspiring, simple past and past participle inspired)

  1. (transitive) To infuse into the mind; to communicate to the spirit; to convey, as by a divine or supernatural influence; to disclose preternaturally; to produce in, as by inspiration.
  2. (transitive) To infuse into; to affect, as with a superior or supernatural influence; to fill with what animates, enlivens or exalts; to communicate inspiration to.
    Elders should inspire children with sentiments of virtue.
    The captain's speech was aimed to inspire her team to victory in the final.
    • 1697, “The Seventh Book of the Æneis”, in Virgil; John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. [], London: [] Jacob Tonson, [], OCLC 403869432:
      Erato, thy poet's mind inspire, / And fill his soul with thy celestial fire.
  3. (intransitive) To draw in by the operation of breathing; to inhale.
    • 1672 Gideon Harvey, Morbus Anglicus, Or, The Anatomy of Consumptions
      By means of those sulfurous coal smokes the lungs are as it were stifled and extremely oppressed, whereby they are forced to inspire and expire the air with difficulty.
  4. To infuse by breathing, or as if by breathing.
  5. (archaic, transitive) To breathe into; to fill with the breath; to animate.
    • 1708, Alexander Pope, Ode for Music on St Cecilia's Day:
      Descend, ye Nine, descend and sing, / The breathing instruments inspire.
  6. (transitive) To spread rumour indirectly.

Conjugation[edit]

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Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Verb[edit]

inspire

  1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive of inspirar

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

inspire

  1. inflection of inspirer:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

inspire

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of inspirar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of inspirar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of inspirar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of inspirar

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

inspire

  1. third-person singular/plural present subjunctive of inspira

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

inspire

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of inspirar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of inspirar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of inspirar.
  4. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of inspirar.