inspire

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: inspiré and inspirē

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French inspirer, variant of espirer, from Latin īnspīrāre, present active infinitive of īnspīrō (inspire), itself a loan-translation of the Ancient Greek πνέω (pnéō, breathe) in the Bible, from in + spīrō (breathe).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

inspire (third-person singular simple present inspires, present participle inspiring, simple past and past participle inspired)

  1. (transitive) To infuse into the mind; to communicate to the spirit; to convey, as by a divine or supernatural influence; to disclose preternaturally; to produce in, as by inspiration.
    • (Can we date this quote by Bible?), Wisdom xv. 11
      He knew not his Maker, and him that inspired into him an active soul.
    • c. 1588-1593, William Shakespeare, Titus Andronicus
      Dawning day new comfort hath inspired.
    • 2012 March-April, Anna Lena Phillips, “Sneaky Silk Moths”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 2, page 172:
      Last spring, the periodical cicadas emerged across eastern North America. Their vast numbers and short above-ground life spans inspired awe and irritation in humans—and made for good meals for birds and small mammals.
  2. (transitive) To infuse into; to affect, as with a superior or supernatural influence; to fill with what animates, enlivens or exalts; to communicate inspiration to.
    Elders should inspire children with sentiments of virtue.
    • (Can we date this quote by Dryden?)
      Erato, thy poet's mind inspire, / And fill his soul with thy celestial fire.
  3. (intransitive) To draw in by the operation of breathing; to inhale.
    • (Can we date this quote by Harvey?)
      forced to inspire and expire the air with difficulty
  4. To infuse by breathing, or as if by breathing.
  5. (archaic, transitive) To breathe into; to fill with the breath; to animate.
    • (Can we date this quote by Alexander Pope?)
      Descend, ye Nine, descend and sing, / The breathing instruments inspire.
  6. (transitive) To spread rumour indirectly.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Verb[edit]

inspire

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of inspirar
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of inspirar

French[edit]

Verb[edit]

inspire

  1. first-person singular present indicative of inspirer
  2. third-person singular present indicative of inspirer
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of inspirer
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of inspirer
  5. second-person singular imperative of inspirer

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

inspire

  1. First-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of inspirar
  2. Third-person singular (ele, ela, also used with tu and você?) present subjunctive of inspirar
  3. Third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of inspirar
  4. Third-person singular (você) negative imperative of inspirar

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

inspire

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of inspirar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of inspirar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of inspirar.
  4. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of inspirar.