From in- (“in”) + *cendō < candeō.
incendō (present infinitive incendere, perfect active incendī, supine incēnsum); third conjugation
- (transitive) I set on fire, burn, kindle.
c. 37 BCE – 30 BCE
, Georgicon 4.264
- hic iam galbaneos suadebo incendere odores
- Then I would urge you to burn fragrant resin of galbanum
- (transitive) I heat, make hot, scorch.
- (transitive) I light up with fire, make a fire upon.
- (transitive) I make bright or shining, light up, brighten; adorn.
- (transitive, figuratively) I set on fire, excite, rouse, incite; incense, irritate.
- (transitive, figuratively) I enhance, raise, intensify.
- (transitive, figuratively) I ruin, destroy, lay waste.
- incendo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- incendo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- “incendo” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
- Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
- to set buildings on fire: accendere, incendere aedificia
- to make some one enthusiastic for a thing: studio alicuius rei aliquem incendere
- to become furious: furore inflammari, incendi
- to fire a town: oppidum incendere