incendo

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From in- (in) +‎ *cendō < candeō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

incendō (present infinitive incendere, perfect active incendī, supine incēnsum); third conjugation

  1. (transitive) I set on fire, burn, kindle.
    • c. 37 BCE – 30 BCE, Virgil, Georgicon 4.264
      hic iam galbaneos suadebo incendere odores
      Then I would urge you to burn fragrant resin of galbanum
  2. (transitive) I heat, make hot, scorch.
  3. (transitive) I light up with fire, make a fire upon.
  4. (transitive) I make bright or shining, light up, brighten; adorn.
  5. (transitive, figuratively) I set on fire, excite, rouse, incite; incense, irritate.
  6. (transitive, figuratively) I enhance, raise, intensify.
  7. (transitive, figuratively) I ruin, destroy, lay waste.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of incendo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present incendō incendis incendit incendimus incenditis incendunt
imperfect incendēbam incendēbās incendēbat incendēbāmus incendēbātis incendēbant
future incendam incendēs incendet incendēmus incendētis incendent
perfect incendī incendistī incendit incendimus incendistis incendērunt, incendēre
pluperfect incenderam incenderās incenderat incenderāmus incenderātis incenderant
future perfect incenderō incenderis incenderit incenderimus incenderitis incenderint
passive present incendor incenderis, incendere incenditur incendimur incendiminī incenduntur
imperfect incendēbar incendēbāris, incendēbāre incendēbātur incendēbāmur incendēbāminī incendēbantur
future incendar incendēris, incendēre incendētur incendēmur incendēminī incendentur
perfect incēnsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect incēnsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect incēnsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present incendam incendās incendat incendāmus incendātis incendant
imperfect incenderem incenderēs incenderet incenderēmus incenderētis incenderent
perfect incenderim incenderīs incenderit incenderīmus incenderītis incenderint
pluperfect incendissem incendissēs incendisset incendissēmus incendissētis incendissent
passive present incendar incendāris, incendāre incendātur incendāmur incendāminī incendantur
imperfect incenderer incenderēris, incenderēre incenderētur incenderēmur incenderēminī incenderentur
perfect incēnsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect incēnsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present incende incendite
future incenditō incenditō incenditōte incenduntō
passive present incendere incendiminī
future incenditor incenditor incenduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives incendere incendisse incēnsūrus esse incendī incēnsus esse incēnsum īrī
participles incendēns incēnsūrus incēnsus incendendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
incendere incendendī incendendō incendendum incēnsum incēnsū

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • incendo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • incendo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • incendo” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to set buildings on fire: accendere, incendere aedificia
    • to make some one enthusiastic for a thing: studio alicuius rei aliquem incendere
    • to become furious: furore inflammari, incendi
    • to fire a town: oppidum incendere