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From Proto-Indo-European *swep- (to sleep).



sōpiō (present infinitive sōpīre, perfect active sōpīvī, supine sōpītum); fourth conjugation

  1. I deprive of feeling.
  2. I lull to sleep, put to sleep.
  3. (figuratively) I kill.
  4. (figuratively) I quiet, still, settle.


   Conjugation of sopio (fourth conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sōpiō sōpīs sōpit sōpīmus sōpītis sōpiunt
imperfect sōpiēbam sōpiēbās sōpiēbat sōpiēbāmus sōpiēbātis sōpiēbant
future sōpiam sōpiēs sōpiet sōpiēmus sōpiētis sōpient
perfect sōpīvī sōpīvistī sōpīvit sōpīvimus sōpīvistis sōpīvērunt, sōpīvēre
pluperfect sōpīveram sōpīverās sōpīverat sōpīverāmus sōpīverātis sōpīverant
future perfect sōpīverō sōpīveris sōpīverit sōpīverimus sōpīveritis sōpīverint
passive present sōpior sōpīris, sōpīre sōpītur sōpīmur sōpīminī sōpiuntur
imperfect sōpiēbar sōpiēbāris, sōpiēbāre sōpiēbātur sōpiēbāmur sōpiēbāminī sōpiēbantur
future sōpiar sōpiēris, sōpiēre sōpiētur sōpiēmur sōpiēminī sōpientur
perfect sōpītus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect sōpītus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect sōpītus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sōpiam sōpiās sōpiat sōpiāmus sōpiātis sōpiant
imperfect sōpīrem sōpīrēs sōpīret sōpīrēmus sōpīrētis sōpīrent
perfect sōpīverim sōpīverīs sōpīverit sōpīverīmus sōpīverītis sōpīverint
pluperfect sōpīvissem sōpīvissēs sōpīvisset sōpīvissēmus sōpīvissētis sōpīvissent
passive present sōpiar sōpiāris, sōpiāre sōpiātur sōpiāmur sōpiāminī sōpiantur
imperfect sōpīrer sōpīrēris, sōpīrēre sōpīrētur sōpīrēmur sōpīrēminī sōpīrentur
perfect sōpītus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect sōpītus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sōpī sōpīte
future sōpītō sōpītō sōpītōte sōpiuntō
passive present sōpīre sōpīminī
future sōpītor sōpītor sōpiuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives sōpīre sōpīvisse sōpītūrus esse sōpīrī sōpītus esse sōpītum īrī
participles sōpiēns sōpītūrus sōpītus sōpiendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
sōpīre sōpiendī sōpiendō sōpiendum sōpītum sōpītū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


sōpiō m (genitive sōpiōnis); third declension

  1. A drawing of a man with a prominent penis
    • Frontem tabernae sopionibus scribam - Catullus 37
      I will draw pictures of penises on the front of the tavern.
    • Ut merdas edatis, qui scripseras sopionis - Anonymous graffito in Pompeii
      You who have drawn pictures of penises, eat shit!


Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative sōpiō sōpiōnēs
genitive sōpiōnis sōpiōnum
dative sōpiōnī sōpiōnibus
accusative sōpiōnem sōpiōnēs
ablative sōpiōne sōpiōnibus
vocative sōpiō sōpiōnēs


  • sopio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sopio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sopio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • S. A. Handford & Mary Herberg (2003), Latin-English : English-Latin Dictionary (Berlin: Langenscheidt)