somnus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*swep-

From Proto-Indo-European *swépnos.
Cognates include Ancient Greek ὕπνος ‎(húpnos), Old English swefn, Old Irish súan and Sanskrit स्वप्न ‎(svápna).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

somnus m ‎(genitive somnī); second declension

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  1. sleep
  2. drowsiness, slumber sloth, idleness
  3. (figuratively) death

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative somnus somnī
genitive somnī somnōrum
dative somnō somnīs
accusative somnum somnōs
ablative somnō somnīs
vocative somne somnī

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • somnus” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • somnus” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to lay oneself down to slee: somno or quieti se tradere
    • to be unable to sleep: somnum capere non posse
    • I cannot sleep for anxiety: curae somnum mihi adimunt, dormire me non sinunt
    • I haven't had a wink of sleep: somnum oculis meis non vidi (Fam. 7. 30)
    • to fall fast asleep: artus somnus aliquem complectitur (Rep. 6. 10)
    • to be overcome by sleep: somno captum, oppressum esse
    • to awake: somno solvi
    • to rouse, wake some one: (e) somno excitare, dormientem excitare
    • in a dream: per somnum, in somnis
    • to see something in a dream: in somnis videre aliquid or speciem
    • I dreamed I saw..: in somnis visus (mihi) sum videre
    • to refresh oneself, minister to one's bodily wants: corpus curare (cibo, vino, somno)