somnium

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*swep-

Derived from somnus ‎(sleep), from Proto-Indo-European *swépnos.
Surface analysis: somn(us) ‎(sleep) +‎ -ium ‎(nominal derivational suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

somnium n ‎(genitive somniī); second declension

  1. dream, vision
  2. fantasy, daydream

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative somnium somnia
genitive somniī somniōrum
dative somniō somniīs
accusative somnium somnia
ablative somniō somniīs
vocative somnium somnia

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • somnium” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • somnium” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • my dream is coming true: somnium verum evādit (Div. 2. 53. 108)
    • to explain a dream: somnium interpretari
    • an interpreter of dreams: somniorum interpres, coniector