sleep

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English slepen, from Old English slǣpan, from Proto-West Germanic *slāpan, from Proto-Germanic *slēpaną.

Verb[edit]

sleep (third-person singular simple present sleeps, present participle sleeping, simple past and past participle slept)

  1. (intransitive) To rest in a state of reduced consciousness.
    You should sleep 8 hours a day.
  2. (intransitive, of a spinning top or yo-yo) To spin on its axis with no other perceptible motion.
    When a top is sleeping, it is spinning but not precessing.
    • 1854, Anne E. Baker, Glossary of Northamptonshire Words and Phrases:
      A top sleeps when it moves with such velocity, and spins so smoothly, that its motion is imperceptible.
  3. (transitive) To cause (a spinning top or yo-yo) to spin on its axis with no other perceptible motion.
    • 1995, All Aboard for Space: Introducing Space to Youngsters (page 158)
      Yo-yo tricks involving sleeping the yo-yo (like "walking the dog" and "rocking the baby") cannot be performed in space.
  4. (transitive) To accommodate in beds.
    This caravan can sleep four people comfortably.
  5. (transitive) To be slumbering in (a state).
    to sleep a dreamless sleep
  6. (intransitive) To be careless, inattentive, or unconcerned; not to be vigilant; to live thoughtlessly.
  7. (intransitive) To be dead; to lie in the grave.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], OCLC 964384981, 1 Thessalonians 4:14, column 2:
      For if we beleeue that Ieſus died, and roſe againe: euen ſo them alſo which ſleepe in Ieſus, will God bring with him.
    • 1887, H. Rider Haggard, She: A History of Adventure[1]:
      It was that of a man in advanced life, with a long grizzled beard, and also robed in white, probably the husband of the lady, who, after surviving her many years, came at the last to sleep once more for good and all beside her.
  8. (intransitive) To be, or appear to be, in repose; to be quiet; to be unemployed, unused, or unagitated; to rest; to lie dormant.
    a question sleeps for the present; the law sleeps
  9. (computing, intransitive) To wait for a period of time without performing any action.
    After a failed connection attempt, the program sleeps for 5 seconds before trying again.
  10. (computing, transitive) To place into a state of hibernation.
    • 2009, Mike Lee, Scott Meyers, Learn Mac OS X Snow Leopard (page 91)
      Even when you have reasons not to sleep the computer, it's still a good idea to sleep the display after a period of time.
  11. (Discuss(+) this sense) (transitive) This term needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    Sleep your way to good health.
    He hoped to sleep his troubles away.
Troponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English slepe, sleep, sleepe, from Old English slǣp (sleep), from Proto-West Germanic *slāp, from Proto-Germanic *slēpaz (sleep).

Noun[edit]

sleep (countable and uncountable, plural sleeps)

  1. (uncountable) The state of reduced consciousness during which a human or animal rests in a daily rhythm.
    I really need some sleep.
    We need to conduct an overnight sleep test to diagnose your sleep problem.
  2. (countable, informal) An act or instance of sleeping.
    I’m just going to have a quick sleep.
  3. (informal, metonymically) A night.
    There are only three sleeps till Christmas!
  4. (uncountable) Rheum, crusty or gummy discharge found in the corner of the eyes after waking, whether real or a figurative objectification of sleep (in the sense of reduced consciousness).
    Synonyms: sleepy (informal), sleeper (informal), sleepy dust (informal), crusty (slang), gound (UK dialectal)
    Wipe the sleep from your eyes.
    • 1886, Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, H.L. Brækstad, transl., Folk and Fairy Tales, page 233:
      When she had rubbed the sleep out of her eyes and wept till she was tired, she set out on her way and walked for many, many a day, till she at last came to a big mountain.
    • 2017, Adam J. Fisch, Neuroanatomy: Draw It to Know It, Oxford University Press (→ISBN):
      [...] and draw the medial canthus (aka medial commissure) at the medial extreme. Now draw the lacrimal caruncle at the medial corner of the eye, which produces whitish, oily fluid—it produces “sleep in the eye.”
    • 2019, Jahangir Moini, Anatomy and Physiology for Health Professionals, Jones & Bartlett Learning (→ISBN), page 780, entry "Medial canthus":
      The part of the eyelid that is the location of the lacrimal caruncle, which produces rheum or "sleep," the gritty substance often present when awakening.
  5. A state of plants, usually at night, when their leaflets approach each other and the flowers close and droop, or are covered by the folded leaves.
    Synonyms: nyctinasty, nyctitropism
    • 1843, Joh Müller, John Bell, Elements of Physiology, page 808:
      The daily sleep of plants, and their winter sleep, present in this respect exactly similar phenomena []
  6. The hibernation of animals.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

sleep m (plural slepen, diminutive sleepje n)

  1. (the act of) dragging, towing
  2. train, the part of wedding gown that drags behind the bride

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

sleep

  1. singular past indicative of slijpen

Verb[edit]

sleep

  1. first-person singular present indicative of slepen
  2. imperative of slepen

Anagrams[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

sleep (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of slepe