자다

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 자다〮 (Yale: cà-tá). Perhaps related to 졸다 (jolda, to doze; to be sleepy).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [t͡ɕa̠da̠]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?jada
Revised Romanization (translit.)?jada
McCune–Reischauer?chada
Yale Romanization?cata

Verb[edit]

Korean verb set
Base 자다 (jada)
Causative재우다 (jae'uda)

자다 (jada) (infinitive , sequential 자니)

  1. (intransitive or transitive) to sleep
    자고 있습니다.
    Gae-neun jam-eul jago itseumnida.
    The dog is sleeping.
    보통 사람 자고 아침 일어나지만 활동하고 아침 자는 사람 있다.
    Botong saram-deur-eun bam-e jago achim-e ireonajiman bam-e hwaldonghago achim-e janeun saram-deul-do itda.
    Ordinary people sleep at night and wake up in the morning, but there are also people who are active at night and sleep in the morning.
    Synonym: 잠자다 (jamjada)
  2. (intransitive, euphemistic) to sleep (with)
    잤어? (casual speech)
    Neo gyae-rang jasseo?
    Did you sleep with him/her?

Usage notes[edit]

자다 (jada) has two forms for the 해라체 (haerache, plain) imperative. The blunt form is regular: 자라 (jara, sleep!). The less blunt form is irregular: 자거라 (jageora, sleep well!). Other verbs with the irregular non-blunt form are 일어나다 (ireonada, to get up), 자라다 (jarada, to grow), 가다 (gada, to go), and compound verbs ending in 가다 (gada).

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]