아침

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Korean[edit]

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 아침 on Korean Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Jīlín lèishì (鷄林類事 / 계림유사), 1103, as Late Old Korean 阿慘 (Yale: *àchóm).

In the Hangul script, first attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 아ᄎᆞᆷ〮 (Yale: àchóm).

Beyond Middle Korean, the dialectal form 아젹 (Yale: acyek, “morning”) > modern 아적 (ajeok, morning) is attested since the seventeenth century. Since the Middle Korean consonant (Yale: -ch-) is commonly a reflex of pre-Middle Korean consonant sequences (Yale: -ck-) or (Yale: -kc-), 아젹 (Yale: acyek) may be the more conservative form, and 아ᄎᆞᆷ〮 (Yale: àchóm) may once have been a derived form where (Yale: -cyek), or the ancient equivalent thereof, has contracted to (Yale: -ch-).

Probably related to Japanese (あさ) (asa, morning); see there for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [a̠t͡ɕʰim]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?achim
Revised Romanization (translit.)?achim
McCune–Reischauer?ach'im
Yale Romanization?achim

Noun[edit]

아침 (achim)

  1. morning
    아침 일찍 일어나요.Jeo-neun achim-e iljjik ireonayo.I wake up early in the morning.
  2. breakfast
    아침 7에서 9 사이 먹도록!Achim-eun ilgopsi-eseo ahopsi sai-e kkok meokdorok!Make sure you eat breakfast between 7 and 9.
    Coordinate terms: 점심(點心) (jeomsim, lunch), 저녁 (jeonyeok, dinner)
    Hypernym: 식사(食事) (siksa, meal)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]