먹다

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Jeju[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

먹다 (meokda)

  1. to eat, to drink
    먹다bab-eul meokdato eat food

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

먹다 (meokda)

  1. to join

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Worin cheongangjigok (月印千江之曲 / 월인천강지곡), 1449, as Middle Korean 먹다〮 (Yale: mèk-tá).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [mʌ̹k̚t͈a̠]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?meokda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?meogda
McCune–Reischauer?mŏkta
Yale Romanization?mekta

Verb[edit]

Korean verb set
Base 먹다 (meokda)
Causative먹이다 (meogida)
Passive먹히다 (meokhida)

먹다 (meokda) (infinitive 먹어, sequential 먹으니)

  1. to eat, drink, have, consume (food or liquid)
    먹다bab-eul meokdato eat food
    아침 먹었니?
    Achim-eun meogeonni?
    Have you had your breakfast?
    먹다sur-eul meokdato drink wine
    여자 음식 먹었다. 그런데 모두 먹기에는 그렇게 배고프지 않았다. 그래서 나중 먹으려고 냉장고 그것 넣어 두었다.
    Geu yeoja-neun geu eumsig-eul jom meogeotda. Geureonde modu meokgi-eneun geureoke baegopeuji anatda. Geuraeseo najung-e da meogeuryeogo naengjanggo-e geugeos-eul neoeo dueotda.
    She ate some of the food, but was not hungry enough to eat it all, so she put the rest in the refrigerator to finish later.
  2. to pocket, embezzle, seize upon
  3. to receive, get
  4. to make up (one's mind), be determined
  5. to grow older
    보기보다 나이 먹지 않다bogiboda-neun nai-reul meokji antato be not so old as one looks
    나이 먹은 사람nai meogeun sarama man of years
  6. (figuratively, slang, vulgar) to screw, fuck
    어젯밤 여자친구 먹었다.
    Eojetbam yeojachin'gu-reul meogeotda.
    I fucked my girlfriend last night

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

(idioms):

(compounds):

Related terms[edit]

  • 머금다 (meogeumda, to hold/keep something in one's mouth)
  • 마시다 (masida, to drink)