해라체

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From 해라 (haera), formal, non-polite imperative of 하다 (hada, “to do”) + (, che, “style”).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈhɛ(ː)ɾa̠t͡ɕʰe̞] ~ [ˈhe̞(ː)ɾa̠t͡ɕʰe̞]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)/(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?haerache
Revised Romanization (translit.)?haelache
McCune–Reischauer?haerach'e
Yale Romanization?hāylachey

Noun[edit]

해라체 (haerache)

  1. The formal, non-polite speech level in Korean.

Usage notes[edit]

해라체 (haerache) is a speech level used to younger or lower-rank people. It is also used almost universally in books, newspapers, and magazines; also used in reported speech ("She said that...").

Korean words inflected in this speech level are characterized by the ending ㄴ다 present tense, ㅆ다 in the past tense, and in the imperative. E.g.:

See also[edit]

(Other speech levels)