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U+C2DC, 시
HANGUL SYLLABLE SI
Composition: +
Dubeolsik input:t-l

[U+C2DB]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C2DD]

Korean[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key)[ɕʰi]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? si
Revised Romanization (translit.)? si
McCune–Reischauer? si
Yale Romanization? si

Etymology 1[edit]





싀 ←→ 싸

Syllable[edit]

(si)

  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of and .

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

—시 (-si)

  1. honorably, rightly, justly; the honorific suffix applied to verbs and adjectives

Usage notes[edit]

The honorific form of verbs expresses the social superiority of the subject of the sentence to the speaker. As applied to adjectives, it expresses the relationship between the modified noun and the speaker.

The honorific form is constructed by appending 시 (si) to the sequential form of a verb or an adjective.

Plain (non-honorific) Sequential Honorific
하다 (hada, "to do") 하니 (hani) (hasida, "to do (by someone superior to the speaker)"
가다 (gada, "to go") 가니 (gani) (gasida, "to go (by someone superior to the speaker)"
살다 (salda, "to live") 사니 (sani) (sasida, "to live (by someone superior to the speaker)"
작다 (jakda, "(to be) small") 작으니 (jageuni) 작으 (jageusida, "(for something superior to the speaker) to be small"
곱다 (gopda, "(to be) lovely") 고우니 (gouni) 고우 (gousida, "(for someone superior to the speaker) to be lovely"

See also[edit]

  • (nim), the honorific suffix for many nouns

Etymology 3[edit]

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Noun[edit]

(si, McCune-Reischauer: shi) (hanja )

  1. town, city
    • 의회는 그 문제가 주민 투표를 거쳐야 할 사안이라고 결정하였다.
      Siuihoeneun geu munjega jumin tupyoreul geochyeoya hal saanirago gyeoljeonghayeotda.
      The city council decided the matter should go to public vote.
  2. (South Korea, government) an administrative region, a division of a province having a population of over 150,000
    (Administrative divisions of South Korea) (ri), (dong), (myeon), (eup), (gu), (gun), (si), (do)

Noun[edit]

(si, McCune-Reischauer: shi) (hanja )

  1. poem, poetry

Noun[edit]

(si, McCune-Reischauer: shi) (hanja )

  1. time
  2. hour

Noun[edit]

(si) (hanja )

  1. give, grant, bestow

Noun[edit]

(si) (hanja )

  1. husband's family