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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljal, *hljals): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *laːlʔ)

Han character[edit]

(radical 70 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 卜尸人心木 (YSOPD), four-corner 08212, composition𠂉)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 482, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13629
  • Dae Jaweon: page 843, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2176, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+65BD

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/ 设~
/ʂʐ̩²⁴/ ~工
Tianjin /sz̩²¹/
Jinan /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xi'an /sz̩²¹/
Xining /sz̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩³¹/
Ürümqi /sz̩⁴⁴/
Wuhan /sz̩⁵⁵/
Chengdu /sz̩⁵⁵/
Guiyang /sz̩⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʂʐ̩³¹/
Hefei /ʂʐ̩²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /sz̩¹¹/
Pingyao /sz̩¹³/
Hohhot /sz̩³¹/
Wu Shanghai /sz̩⁵³/
Suzhou /sz̩ʷ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sz̩³³/
Wenzhou /sz̩³³/
Hui Shexian /sz̩³¹/
Tunxi /sz̩¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʂʐ̩³³/
Xiangtan /ʂʐ̩³³/
Gan Nanchang /sz̩⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sz̩⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sï²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /si⁵³/
Nanning /si⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /si⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /si⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sie⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /si⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /si³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ti²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (26)
Final: (11)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shī
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕiᴇ/ /ɕiɛ/ /ɕjɛ/ /ɕiə̆/ /ɕie/ /ɕǐe/ /ɕie̯/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (26)
Final: (11)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shì
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕiᴇH/ /ɕiɛH/ /ɕjɛH/ /ɕiə̆H/ /ɕieH/ /ɕǐeH/ /ɕie̯H/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shī ‹ sye › /*l̥aj/ give, bestow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14783 1 /*hljal/
14789 1 /*hljals/

Definitions[edit]

  1. grant, bestow
  2. give
  3. to act
  4. a surname

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • (Hokkien dialect) Tagalog: See

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(si, i) (hangeul , , revised si, i, McCune-Reischauer si, i, Yale si, i)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thi, the, thè, thí, thỉ, thị, thia)

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