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U+65BD, 施
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65BD

[U+65BC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65BE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 70, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 卜尸人心木 (YSOPD), four-corner 08212, composition𠂉)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 482, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13629
  • Dae Jaweon: page 843, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2176, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+65BD

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰaːl
*l̥ʰaːl, *l̥ʰaːls
*l'aːl
*l'aːl, *l'al
*ljalʔ
*ɦljaːl, *hljal, *hljals
*ɦljal, *laːlʔ, *lal
*laːlʔ
*hleːl
*l'eːls
*l̥ʰalʔ, *l'alʔ, *lal
*l̥ʰalʔ, *lalʔ
*l'al
*l'alʔ, *hljalʔ
*hljal, *hljals
*hljal
*hljal
*hljalʔ
*lal
*lel, *lalʔ
*lel
*lal, *lalʔ
*lal, *lalʔ
*lal, *lalʔ
*lalʔ
*lalʔ
*lalʔ
*lals, *ɦljels, *lels
*l'els

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljal, *hljals): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *laːlʔ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • si - literary;
  • soa - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/ 设~
    /ʂʐ̩²⁴/ ~工
    Tianjin /sz̩²¹/
    Jinan /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Xi'an /sz̩²¹/
    Xining /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩³¹/
    Ürümqi /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ʂʐ̩³¹/
    Hefei /ʂʐ̩²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /sz̩¹¹/
    Pingyao /sz̩¹³/
    Hohhot /sz̩³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /sz̩⁵³/
    Suzhou /sz̩ʷ⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /sz̩³³/
    Wenzhou /sz̩³³/
    Hui Shexian /sz̩³¹/
    Tunxi /sz̩¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ʂʐ̩³³/
    Xiangtan /ʂʐ̩³³/
    Gan Nanchang /sz̩⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /sï²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /si⁵³/
    Nanning /si⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /si⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /si⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sie⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /si⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /si³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ti²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (11)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕiᴇ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕiɛ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕjɛ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕiə̆/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕie/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕǐe/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕie̯/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shī
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shī
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sye ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥aj/
    English give, bestow

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 14783
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hljal/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (ideophonic) flag fluttering; flag waving
    2. flag ornament
    3. to spread (something)
    4. to set up; to put in place; to establish
    5. to use; to utilise
    6. to put into force; to implement
    7. to apply; to add
    8. to teach; to instruct
    9. to convict; to judge
    10. to display corpse
    11. to reproduce
    12. Meaningless particle.
    13. A surname​.

    Descendants[edit]

    • (Hokkien dialect) Tagalog: See

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (11)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕiᴇH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕiɛH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕjɛH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕiə̆H/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕieH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕǐeH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕie̯H/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shì
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 14789
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hljals/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. kindness; favour
    2. to disperse; to become spread
    3. to grant; to bestow; to give

    Pronunciation 3[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to extend to; to reach
    2. Alternative form of (, “to change”).

    Pronunciation 4[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (chí, “to cast away; to relieve”).
    2. Alternative form of (chǐ, “to boast”).

    Pronunciation 5[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (xié, “awry”).
    2. Only used in 施施 (“walking in a crooked way”).

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (si, i) (hangeul , , revised si, i, McCune–Reischauer si, i, Yale si, i)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thi, the, thè, thí, thỉ, thị, thia)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.