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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰjes): phonetic  ‎(OC *kje) + semantic  ‎(feathers)

Han character[edit]

(radical 124 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 十水尸一一 (JESMM), four-corner 47402, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 955, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28642
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1401, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3342, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+7FC5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹/
Qingdao /tʃʰz̩⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡sʰz̩⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sʰz̩³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sz̩¹³/
/t͡sʰz̩¹³/
Guiyang /t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
Kunming /t͡sz̩²¹²/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰz̩⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡sʰz̩³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sʰz̩⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰz̩³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰz̩ʷ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰz̩⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰz̩⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰi³³/
Nanning /t͡sʰi²²/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰi³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /si²¹/
/t͡sʰi²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰiɛ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰi³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰi²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /si³⁵/
/tit̚³³/ 訓翼

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiᴇH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɛH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕjɛH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕiə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ɕieH/
Wang
Li
/ɕǐeH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕie̯H/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shì
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chì
Middle
Chinese
‹ syeH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-kʰe-s/
English wing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17210
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰjes/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. wings
  2. fin

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(si) (hangeul , revised si, McCune-Reischauer si, Yale si)

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